Improving communication through better understanding of language and culture


Click on the green arrow icon to learn more about the selected landmark events and how they were influential in shaping CAL.

Links in lime color below lead to external sites containing additional information on many of the historical topics below.

1990 - 1999
CAL Events Date U.S. and World Events

DELSS LogoDeveloping English Literacy in Spanish Speakers (DeLSS) research begins

Young ManAfrican American Vernacular English (AAVE)

SIOP Model Professional Development Manual published


Oakland Ebonics controversy

Books StackNational Reading Panel convened

U.S. foreign-born population reaches 31.1 million; 47 million people age 5 and over speak a language other than English at home.

Immigrant Family

Proposition 203 passed in Arizona Arrow


September 11 Attacks on America

Common European Framework of Reference for Languages: Learning, Teaching, Assessment released

National Conference for Educators of Newcomer Students

High School Students

Capitol BuildingNo Child Left Behind Act enacted

BEST Plus LogoBEST Plus launched

Alliance for the Advancement of Heritage Languages established

WIDA Consortium LogoWIDA Consortium established Arrow


National Assessment of Adult Literacy (NAAL) is conducted; highlights English language learner performance for the first time

CAELA LogoCenter for Adult English Language Acquisition (CAELA) established


PBS LogoDo You Speak American? PBS series

Wiley bookLiteracy and Language Diversity in the United States –second edition


Chinese CalligraphyK-16 Language Flagship program launched Arrow

EHLS logoEnglish for Heritage Language Speakers (EHLS) program created

Developing LiteracyNational Literacy Panel on Language Minority Children and Youth report released

BEST Literacy LogoBEST Literacy launched

Double The Work Book CoverDouble the Work: Challenges and Solutions to Acquiring Language and Academic Literacy for Adolescent English Language Learners Arrow


US MapNational Security Language Initiative launched

Immigrant FamilyU.S. foreign-born population reaches 37.5 million, or 12.5 % of the total population

NATO creates Standard Language Profile tests for member nations

TESOL LogoTESOL organization has 14,306 members in 156 countries

CAELA Network LogoCAELA Network begins

Foreign Language Survey Publication CoverFirst National K-12 foreign language survey conducted.


Discover LanguagesDiscover Languages Initiative launched by ACTFL


TESOL LogoTESOL organization has 14,306 members in 156 countries

National Museum of Languages opens

CAL celebrates 50th birthday


 Learn more about CAL's history throughout the decades:

1970s 1980s 1990s 2000s