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About CAL

Charles A. Ferguson Fellowship

The Ferguson Fellowship was es­tablished in 1995 in honor of Charles A. Ferguson, CAL’s found­er and first director, to allow senior researchers in applied linguistics to affiliate with CAL as visiting scholars, contribute to ongoing work in their area of expertise, and further their own research and writing.  Previous fellows were Bernard Spolsky, Rod Ellis, Joseph Lo Bianco, Catherine Snow, and Barbara Horvath.

Ferguson is considered a pioneer in socio- and applied linguistics, including areas of English as a global language, child language acquisition, and bilingualism. He began his career as a linguist at the U.S. Depart­ment of State, became a lecturer in linguistics at Harvard University, and served as director at the Cen­ter for Applied Linguistics until 1967. After leaving CAL, Fergu­son founded the linguistics de­partment at Stanford University, where he was a department mem­ber until 1987. He served as a CAL trustee from 1967-1982, and was awarded emeritus trustee sta­tus in 1995.

The Ferguson Fellowship is awarded periodically and is in­tended to assist senior level re­searchers in furthering their inter­ests that are shared by CAL. Fellows spend time at CAL head­quarters, where they are able to conduct research using CAL’s re­sources and spend time with CAL staff members. The Ferguson Fellowship is fund­ed through private donations. For more information about the fel­lowship, or to make a donation, please contact CAL.

Dr. Bernard Spolsky
2010 Ferguson Fellow

Center for Applied Linguistics 2010 Charles A. Ferguson Fellow: Dr. Bernard SpolskyanDr. Spolsky is a leading scholar in language policy, including language education policy and language management; sociolinguistics, including language change and language maintenance; educational linguistics, including literacy and second language learning; language testing and its history; and language attitudes and identity. Dr. Spolsky was in residence at CAL during October-December 2010.
During his time at CAL, Dr. Spolsky continued to work on editing the Cambridge Handbook of Language Policy, began the editing of a collection of articles on language academies and other management agencies, and carried out research for a monograph on religious influences on language management. He also provided general consultation to CAL staff, and gave a special presentation to CAL staff and guests, “Fergie, Joshua, and the Birth of Responsible Sociolinguistics.”

Dr. Spolsky is Emeritus Professor of English at Bar-Ilan University in Israel, where he was also the founding director of the Language Policy Research Centre. He has taught at many diverse locations around the world including Hebrew University, McGill University, Indiana University, and the University of New Mexico. He has written and edited a dozen books and published well over 200 book chapters and journal articles. Recent publications include
Sociolinguistics (Oxford University Press 1998),

  • The Languages of Israel (with Elana Shohamy, 1999)
  • Concise Encyclopedia of Educational Linguistics (Pergamon 1999)
  • Language Policy (Cambridge, 2004)
  • Handbook of Educational Linguistics (co-editor), and
  • Language Management (Cambridge, 2009)

In addition to being the founding editor of the journal, Language Policy, Dr. Spolsky has served as President of International TESOL, Secretary of the American Association of Applied Linguistics, President of the Israeli Association of Applied Linguistics, Chair of the Board of Trustees of the Center for Applied Linguistics, and President of the International Language Testing Association. He was awarded Guggenheim and Mellon fellowships, and has been Senior Research Fellow at the National Foreign Language Center in Washington and a Visiting Research fellow at University of Auckland International Research Institute for Indigenous and Maori Education. Other awards include International Language Testing Association / University of Cambridge Local Examinations Syndicate Lifetime Achievement Award, 2005; Modern Language Association Kenneth W. Mildenberg Prize (for Conditions for Second Language Learning) 1989; and British Association of Applied Linguistics Annual Book Prize (for Conditions for Second Language Learning) 1990.
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Dr. Rod Ellis
2008 Ferguson Fellow

Center for Applied Linguistics 2008 Charles A. Ferguson Fellow: Dr. Rod EllisDr. Ellis is Professor in the Department of Applied Language Studies and Linguistics, University of Auckland, New Zealand, where he teaches postgraduate courses on second language acquisition, individual differences in language learning, and task-based teaching. He is also a professor in the MA in TESOL program at Anaheim University (California) and a visiting professor at Shanghai International Studies University as part of China’s Chang Jiang Scholars Program.

He has worked in schools in Spain and Zambia and in universities in the United Kingdom, Japan, and the United States, and has conducted numerous consultancies and seminars throughout the world. In addition, Dr. Ellis is the editor of the journal Language Teaching Research. His published work includes articles and books on second language acquisition, language teaching, and teacher education. While in residence at CAL, Dr. Ellis consulted on projects in language learning and teaching and advised on directions for future work. His books include Understanding Second Language Acquisition (1985, BAAL Prize 1986) and The Study of SecondLanguage Acquisition (1994, Duke of Edinburgh prize 1995), both published by Oxford University Press. More recent books, also published by Oxford University Press, include Task-Based Language Learning and Teaching (2003), Analyzing Learner Language (with Gary Barkhuizen, 2005), and a second edition of The Study of Second Language Acquisition (2008). In addition, Dr. Ellis has published several English language textbooks, including Impact Grammar (with Stephen Gaies, 1998, Pearson: Longman).He also wrote a CAL Digest, Principles of Instructed Second Language Acquisition, which can be downloaded for free from the CAL website.
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Dr. Joe LoBianco
2002 Ferguson Fellow

Center for Applied Linguistics 2002 Charles A. Ferguson Fellow: Dr. Joe LoBiancoDr. LoBianco, a professor and researcher from the University of Melbourne and University of Queensland, Australia, is well known in linguistics circles for his contributions to research and practice concerning heritage languages and the development of na¬tional language policies. During his time in Washington, DC, Lo Bianco was able to follow up on his work on language policy debates in Congress and to investigate the impact of national se¬curity concerns on language teaching and learning, among other interests. He also focused on heritage language de¬velopment in the United States, as this is one of his chief re¬search interests. While he was in Washington, DC, Lo Bianco par¬ticipated as a plenary speaker in the Second Con¬ference on Heritage Languages in America (host¬ed by CAL and the National Foreign Language Center). He has been very interested in exploring the different approaches to heritage language de¬velopment that the United States and Australia have adopted. Lo Bianco’s career has been marked by seminal accomplishments in fields related to CAL’s areas of focus, including research on language policy and planning, multilingualism and bilingualism in so¬cial contexts, language and conflict, and literacy policy. He founded, served as director, and cur¬rently serves on the board of the National Lan¬guages and Literacy Institute of Australia. In 1999, he wrote the National Language Education Policy for Sri Lanka with funding from the World Bank. He was commissioned by the Scottish Higher Education Funding Council to conduct work on language education policy in Scotland in 2000, and his research on language policy in Scotland was written up in local papers such as the Glasgow Herald and The Scotsman. He has been elected a Fellow of the Australian Academy of the Humani¬ties (1999) and this year was awarded the Cente¬nary Medal for service to Australian society and the humanities in literacy planning.
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Dr. Catherine Snow
2001 Ferguson Fellow

Center for Applied Linguistics 2008 Charles A. Ferguson Fellow: Dr. Catherine SnowCatherine Snow is the Henry Lee Shattuck Professor of Education at the Harvard Graduate School of Education. She received her Ph.D. in psychology from McGill and worked for several years in the linguistics department of the University of Amsterdam. Her research interests include children's language development as influenced by interaction with adults in home and preschool settings, literacy development as related to language skills and as influenced by home and school factors, and issues related to the acquisition of English oral and literacy skills by language minority children. She has co-authored books on language development and on literacy development, and published widely on these topics in refereed journals and edited volumes. She served as a board member at the Center for Applied Linguistics and a member of the National Research Council Committee on Establishing a Research Agenda on Schooling for Language Minority Children. She chaired the National Research Council Committee on Preventing Reading Difficulties in Young Children, which produced a report that has been widely adopted as a basis for reform of reading instruction and professional development. She currently serves on the NRC's Council for the Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education, and as president of the American Educational Research Association.
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Dr. Barbara Horvath
1995 Ferguson Fellow

The first recipient of the Ferguson Fellowship was Barbara Horvath, a professor in the Department of Linguistics at the University of Sydney from 1976 to 1993. Dr. Horvath has a PhD in linguistics from Georgetown University and is the author of many articles, chapters, and books, including Variation in Australian English: The Sociolects of Sydney and Sociolinguistic Profiles: A Handbook. She was president of the Australian Linguistic Society (1988-90) and has been editor of the Australian Journal of Linguistics since 1991. She was also an affiliated scholar in the summer and fall of 1991, when she was on sabbatical. Dr. Horvath spent approximately five months at CAL, continuing her sociolinguistic research on variation in Australian English and beginning work on a sociolinguistics textbook. During her residency at CAL, she worked with CAL staff and projects in an advisory capacity, particularly regarding the Australian experience in language policy, education of diverse populations, and English language teaching.
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