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For Instructors

Language Skills

Please see the resources and links below for information about teaching language skills to adult English language learners. If you have questions or comments about teaching language skills to adut English language learners, please email


How Should Adult ESL Reading Instruction Differ from ABE Reading Instruction?


Digests & Q&As

Improving Adult English Language Learners' Speaking Skills

Improving Adult ESL Learners' Pronunciation Skills

Improving ESL Learners' Listening Skills: At the Workplace and Beyond

Improving ESL Learners’ Writing Skills

Reading and Adult English Language Learners: The Role of the First Language

Reading and the Adult English Language Learner

Second Language Acquisition in Adults: From Research to Practice


Other CAELA Resources

Activities to Promote Interaction and Communication (Practitioner Toolkit)

Activities to Promote Reading (Practitioner Toolkit)

An Annotated Bibliography of Reading and Adult English Language Learning

Reading and Adult English Learners (CAELA resource collection)

Reading and Adult English Language Learners: A Review of the Research

Research on Reading Development of Adult English Language Learners: An Annotated Bibliography

Second Language Acquisition (CAELA resource collection)

Other Resources

The Adult English Language electronic discussion list, sponsored by the National Institute for Literacy and moderated by staff at CAELA. Topics for discussion often includes ideas, techniques, challenges, and resources for teaching language skills to adults learning English as a second language.

Virginia Adult Literacy Resource Center (VALRC) (2006). Teaching Reading to Adult English Language Learners: A Reading Instruction Staff Development Program