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In 2009, about one in four elementary schools reported teaching foreign languages.
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Strategies & Methodology

Click here for information on the latest in early language teaching methods.

Materials & Curricula

Discover a wealth of information on foreign language curricula and teaching materials.

Student Assessment

Find information on how to assess students' foreign language skills.

Annotated Bibliographies

Learn more about research on the benefits of foreign language learning from these annotated bibliographies.

Research on FLES (Foreign Language in Elementary Schools) Programs
Compiled by Carol Ann Pesola and Helena Curtain.

Research on Immersion Programs
Compiled by Carol Ann Pesola and Helena Curtain.

The Effect of Second Language Learning on Test Scores, Intelligence, and Achievement: An Annotated Bibliography
Compiled by Elizabeth Webb, this bibliography can be accessed from the Georgia Department of Education Web site.

A quantitative (2003) dissertation on the Relationship between FLES and academic achievement by Carolyn Taylor finds that language students outperform non-language students on a variety of standardized tests (language arts, math, science)

Modern Foreign Languages and Special Educational Needs
This bibliography by by David R. Wilson at Harton Technology College, UK, contains well over 500 references. Find a list of selected sources here. In addition, his Web site includes web resources, case studies, and downloadable documents.

CAL Online Resource Guides
These guides provide information and resources on a variety of topics relevant to early language learning.


Updated December 13, 2013