Module 5: Impact (screen 3 of 4)
When selecting a test, it is important to consider the needs of all the stakeholders involved. Stakeholders, or persons involved with or invested in the testing process, include test-takers, administrators, parents, teachers, instructors, and many others. The Stakeholders Map shows a web of potential stakeholders.
It may not be possible to meet the needs of all stakeholders. However, it is important to plan with these groups in mind and to find a test that fits best. By taking the time to consider the impact of the test for multiple stakeholders, you may avoid or reduce any negative consequences and promote positive ones.
You can find a blank copy of the Stakeholders Map in the Forms section of the Resources module that you can use to map the stakeholders involved in your testing situation.
Tests can be high-stakes or low-stakes depending on how the test will affect the examinee or other stakeholders. There are times when one test can be high-stakes for one person, but low-stakes for another. For example, a practice teaching certification test taken by a freshman Bilingual Education major as a class assignment may be low-stakes. But for a graduating senior trying to get state teaching licensure, this would be a high-stakes test. For high-stakes testing, it is important to carefully consider the validity and reliability of a test.
Click here to see a diagram of high and low stakes testing from the viewpoint of the test-taker.