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Improving International Education through Collaboration: Departments of State and Education Act on International Education Policy Initiative
*News from ERIC/CLL
*News from the National Clearinghouse for ESL Literacy Education (NCLE)
*News from ERIC and the U.S. Department of Education
*News from Our Colleagues
This publication was prepared with funding from the Office of Educational Research and Improvement, U.S. Department of Education, National Library of Education, under contract no. ED-99-CO-0008. The opinions expressed herein do not necessarily reflect the positions or policies of OERI, ED, or NLE.
Improving International Education through Collaboration: Departments of State and Education Act on International Education Policy Initiative
Kathleen M. Marcos, ERIC Clearinghouse on Languages and Linguistics
On April 19, 2000, President Clinton released a memorandum to the heads of executive departments and agencies announcing an expanded International Education Policy aimed at preparing U.S. students for an ever more global environment while continuing to attract and educate future leaders from abroad. This Initiative calls upon the Secretary of State and the Secretary of Education, along with heads of other agencies, to take concrete steps to improve U.S. international education efforts.
Both Secretary of State Albright and Secretary of Education Riley have voiced their commitment to this initiative in remarks given in the United States and abroad. Secretary Riley stated in his May 30 address to the American Chamber of Commerce in Milan, Italy, "This is the first American initiative of its kind in the U.S. in over 35 years, and it sends the world the signal that America is serious about becoming partners with™every other nation to improve education for all peoples." Undersecretary Evelyn S. Lieberman of the State Department's Office of Public Diplomacy and Public Affairs had this to say in remarks to the 52nd conference of NAFSA: Association of International Educators in San Diego in May, "Our cultures are the heart of our humanity. They give us our roots, they bind us to each other, and they are the key to peaceful growth and understanding. That is why we must find ways to increase significantly international education and the international understanding that it creates."
Among the directives the President has given the Departments of Education and State are the following:
Increase the number and diversity of students who study and participate in internships abroad.
Identify steps to attract qualified postsecondary students from overseas to the United States.
Review the effects of U.S. government actions on the international flow of students, scholars, and business professionals and address unnecessary regulations, procedures, and policies that impede that flow.
Support the efforts of state and local governments and educational institutions to promote international awareness and skills in the classroom, including strengthening foreign language learning at all levels, increasing opportunities for educational exchanges, and assisting educational institutions abroad to strengthen their teaching of English.
Ensure that international exchange programs maximize existing resources so that they can fulfill their missions.
Develop comparative information, including benchmarks, on educational performance and practices.
Strengthen and expand models of international exchange that build lasting cross-national partnerships among educational institutions.
Strengthen programs that build international expertise in U.S. institutions, with the goal of making international education an integral part of U.S. undergraduate, graduate, and professional training.
Promote the wise use of technology internationally and examine the implications of borderless education, while ensuring that these opportunities do not result in a widening of the digital divide.
Ensure that efforts toward enhancing international education are fully integrated into the Government Performance and Results Act (GPRA) framework.
The initiative directs the heads of U.S. government agencies to work together in consultation with non-governmental organizations. Toward this end, Department of State and Department of Education representatives met in May 2000 with members of key nonprofit and educational organizations to discuss next steps. At the meeting, the following four working teams were formed to address specific issues:
Team 1: Exchanges, Study Abroad, Building International Expertise, Aligning Regulations
Team 2: Expanding High-Quality Foreign Language, English, and Culture Learning
Team 3: Educational Technology/Distance Learning
Team 4: Comparative Information on Improving Educational Practice-Sharing Best Practices
Although the teams are in the early stages of work on this initiative, progress has been made toward addressing the issues. While the work of all four teams will be of intense interest to all who work in language education, the outcome of Team 2's efforts will have the greatest impact on foreign language and ESL administrators, teachers, and students. Thus far, Team 2 has identified goals and strategies that will shape this effort, among them organizing a national campaign to promote the learning of foreign languages and cultures in the United States and the learning of English abroad, and improving pre-service and in-service training of language teachers.
Team 2 organizations working with the Departments of State and Education include the ERIC Clearinghouse on Languages and Linguistics, the Goethe Institute, the Joint National Committee for Languages (JNCL), the National Clearinghouse for Bilingual Education (NCBE), the National Foreign Language Center (NFLC), Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages (TESOL), and World Learning. Contact information for all teams and links to press releases and other documents are available at the Department of State Web site at http://exchanges.state.gov/iep.
LINKS TO FURTHER INFORMATION
White House Memorandum for the Heads of Executive Departments and Agencies: http://exchanges.state.gov/education/remarks/whstatemetn.htm
Remarks by Evelyn S. Lieberman to the Plenary Session, NAFSA 52nd Annual Conference, May 31, 2000: http://exchanges.state.gov/iep/lieberman0531.htm
Remarks by Secretary of Education Richard W. Riley to American Chamber of Commerce, May 30, 2000: http://exchanges.state.gov/iep/riley.htm
Remarks by Secretary of Education Richard W. Riley at the French Embassy, April 19, 2000: The Growing Importance of International Education: http://exchanges.state.gov/iep/riley419.htm
U.S. Department of State Media Note: Departments of State and Education Lead Support of President's Directive on U.S. International Education Policy: http://exchanges.state.gov/education/remarks/42000.htm
The NAFSA: Association of International Educators Web site can be found at http://www.nafsa.org. NAFSA advocates for international education policy.
Updates on this and other federal initiatives are available from the Joint National Committee for Languages (JNCL) at http://www.languagepolicy.org.
In each issue of ERIC/CLL Language Link, we feature one or more of the journals that we abstract and index for Current Index to Journals in Education (CIJE), the ERIC database's monthly index to education-related journals.
In this issue, our journal review profiles Learning Languages: The Journal of the National Network for Early Language Learning.
Learning Languages (ISSN 1083-5415) is published three times per year (fall, winter, and spring) by the National Network for Early Language Learning (NNELL). Learning Languages serves the profession by providing a medium for the sharing of information, ideas, and concerns among teachers, administrators, researchers, and others interested in the early learning of languages. Both practical and scholarly articles are published. Practical articles describe innovative approaches to teaching and the administration of effective language programs for children. Scholarly articles report on original research and cite current research and theory as a basis for making recommendations for practices. Scholarly articles are refereed. Each issue includes articles, notes from the NNELL President, opinions, announcements, resources, suggested classroom activities, and a calendar.
Recent articles have included "Poverty, Race, and Foreign Language Immersion: Predictors of Math and English Language Arts Performance," "Meet a Foreign Language Advocate," and "A Case for Foreign Languages: The Glastonbury Foreign Language Program." "Learning Languages" is a benefit of membership in NNELL. To join NNELL and subscribe to the journal, send a check for $20 ($25 overseas) to Nancy Rhodes, Executive Secretary, NNELL, Center for Applied Linguistics, 4646 40th Street, NW, Washington, DC 20016. Visit NNELL's Web site at http://www.educ.iastate.edu/nnell for more information.
You can recognize journal abstracts in the ERIC database by their "EJ" prefix followed by a six-digit number. ERIC abstracts can be read at ERIC centers in libraries in the United States and overseas, as well as on the World Wide Web (http://www.eric.ed.gov/searchdb/searchdb.html). Subscriptions to the journals can be obtained from the publishers; individual articles from many journals are available through the following reprint services:
UMI ProQuest Direct 1-800-521-3042 http://www.umi.com/proquest
The UnCover Company 1-800-787-7979
You may also wish to contact your local university or research library.
At the Northeast Conference on the Teaching of Foreign Languages (NECTFL), ERIC/CLL gave a presentation entitled "ERIC in the New Millennium," an overview of ERIC's new products and initiatives. To view slides from the presentation, visit http://www.cal.org/resources/nectfl.html.
The following two new digests have been published by ERIC/CLL.
Enhancing Authentic Language Learning Experiences through Internet Technology by Jean W. LeLoup and Robert Ponterio, State University of New York at Cortland, May 2000 (update).
Promoting a Language Proficient Society: What You Can Do by Kathleen M. Marcos and Joy Kreeft Peyton, April 2000.
Both will be available at the ERIC/CLL Web site in early July (http://www.cal.org/ericcll). Print copies may be obtained from ERIC/CLL at 1-800-276-9834 or firstname.lastname@example.org.
We have added a new directory to our Web site, the Directory of Total and Partial Immersion Language Programs in U.S. Schools. This searchable online directory lists elementary and secondary schools that teach all or part of the curriculum in a second language. Explore the new directory at http://www.cal.org/resources/immersion.
ERIC/CLL is collaborating with the National Clearinghouse for Bilingual Education to produce a Web-Based Directory of Foreign Language Resources to be published in July 2000. Over 300 entries will provide links to Web sites, programs, and online publications. To receive updates and announcements about this directory, or to ensure that your foreign language resource information is included, send an email message to email@example.com.
ERIC/CLL Director Joy Kreeft Peyton co-edited Language in Action: New Studies of Language in Society. This volume is a celebration of the diversity and unity of those who bring a linguistic perspective to real-life problems. To order, contact Hampton Press at 1-800-894-8955.
Take a moment to check out the latest NCLE digests now available in full-text at http://www.cal.org/ncle. Remember that NCLE digests make wonderful staff development tools and can be duplicated and distributed as needed.
New NCLE digests include Multiple Intelligences: Theory and Practice in Adult ESL, Critical Literacy for Adult English Language Learners, and Mental Health and the Adult Refugee: The Role of the ESL Teacher.
Digests due to be published shortly include Learning Disabilities and the Adult ESL Learner, Trauma and the ESL Classroom, and Online Professional Development for ESL Educators.
New to NCLE's Web site is an FAQ describing reading research on adults learning English as a second language.
NCLE has also published Assessing Success in Family Literacy and Adult ESL, edited by Carol Van Duzer of NCLE and Daniel Holt of the California Department of Education. This text is a revised and expanded edition of NCLE's 1994 book, Assessing Success in Family Literacy Projects: Alternative Approaches to Assessment and Evaluation. It is published by Delta Systems and can be ordered by calling Delta at 800-323-8270.
News from ERIC and the U.S. Department of Education
The following items appeared in ERICNews, a bimonthly electronic newsletter published by ACCESS ERIC. To subscribe, send the command SUBSCRIBE ERICNEWS FIRSTNAME LASTNAME (for example, SUBSCRIBE ERICNEWS JOHN SMITH) in the body of the message to firstname.lastname@example.org.
The Education Resource Organizations Directory (EROD) is a fast, easy, free way to find organizations that provide information and assistance on many education-related topics, such as multicultural education, at-risk persons, standards, and teaching methods. You can also use EROD to locate national organizations, subject-specific resources, and much more. Search EROD at http://www.ed.gov/Programs/EROD.
The ERIC Clearinghouse on Assessment and Evaluation (ERIC/AE) recently updated its powerful search engine, the ERIC Search Wizard. An easy-to-use form makes searching simple. Documents available through E*Subscribe are easier than ever to locate. Try the ERIC Search Wizard for your next Web search of the ERIC database at http://ericae.net/scripts/ewiz.
The ERIC Document Reproduction Service (EDRS) now offers online access to the full text of most ERIC documents produced since 1993. EDRS offers instant electronic access to more than 85% of reproducible ERIC documents produced since 1995 via its E*Subscribe service. For more information, contact EDRS at 1-800-443-3742 or http://edrs.com.
The ERIC Clearinghouse on Educational Management (ERIC/EA) recently launched Policy Reports, an annual publication that focuses on key policy issues in K–12 educational management. The first issue explores class size. Read this issue at http://eric.uoregon.edu/publications/pub_policy_new.html or order paper copies by calling 1-800-438-8841.
The ERIC Clearinghouse on Elementary and Early Childhood Education (ERIC/EECE) recently translated three digests into Korean, Another Look at What Young Children Should Be Learning, Easing the Teasing: How Can Parents Help their Children, and Helping Middle School Students Make the Transition into High School at http://ericeece.org/pubs/digests/korean.html.
New publications from ERIC/CLL's sister clearinghouses include Using Skill Standards for Vocational-Technical Education Curriculum Development from the ERIC Clearinghouse on Adult, Career, and Vocational Education; Values Education in the Two-Year Colleges from the ERIC Clearinghouse on Community Colleges; Cybercounseling and Cyberlearning: Strategies for the New Millennium from the ERIC Clearinghouse on Counseling and Student Services; Planning Student-Directed Transitions to Adult Life from the ERIC Clearinghouse on Disabilities and Gifted Education; Computers and Young Children from the ERIC Clearinghouse on Elementary and Early Childhood Education; An Introduction to Internet Resources for K–12 Educators, Parts I and II from the ERIC Clearinghouse on Information and Technology; Promoting Reading among Mexican-American Children from the ERIC Clearinghouse on Rural Education and Small Schools; and School Practices to Promote the Achievement of Hispanic Students from the ERIC Clearinghouse on Urban Education. To find links to these and other ERIC resources, visit http://www.eric.ed.gov/sites/barak.html. A searchable database of ERIC Digests is available at http://www.ed.gov/databases/ERIC_Digests/index.
More information about ERIC is reported in the ERIC Users' Interchange, also published by ACCESS ERIC. Issues can be read at http://www.eric.ed.gov/resources/inter/index.html or you can call 1-800-LET-ERIC (538-3742) for a subscription.
News from Our Colleagues
The Center for Advanced Research on Language Acquisition (CARLA) will be awarding grants of up to $1,000 for the development and submission of sharable material for teaching a less commonly taught language. The materials will be used to expand CARLA's Less Commonly Taught Language (LCTL) Project's growing collection of Web-based instructional materials. The application for this program is available at http://carla.acad.umn.edu/lctl/application.html. Questions should be directed to the LCTL Project staff at: email@example.com.
CARLA is seeking proposals for papers and symposia on all aspects of the education and professional development of language teachers for the second International Conference on Language Teacher Education to be held May 17-19, 2001 in Minneapolis. The deadline for submission of proposals for papers and symposia is October 31, 2001. Submission guidelines are available on the CARLA website at http://carla.acad.umn.edu/conference2001/CALLFORPAPERS.html. For further information, email the conference planning committee at firstname.lastname@example.org.
The American Council on Immersion Education (ACIE) will release the next issue of the ACIE Newsletter in June. If you would like to receive the newsletter or obtain more information about the American Council on Immersion Education, visit the ACIE Web site at http://carla.acad.umn.edu/acie.html.
The Center for Applied Linguistics (CAL) has published two new resources for teachers. Integrating Language and Content in Secondary School: Instructional Strategies and Thematic Units can be ordered by sending $18 plus 10% shipping to: Center for Applied Linguistics, Attn: C. Daniels, 4646 40th Street NW, Washington DC 20016-1859. Enhancing English Language Learning in Elementary Classrooms can be ordered from Delta Systems at 800-323-8270.
CAL will be conducting two summer institutes in 2000. The first, the NEH Summer Institute for Teachers of Spanish to Spanish Speakers, will be held at UCLA from June 26 to August 4, 2000. The second summer institute, "Teaching English Language Learners: Effective Programs and Practices" will be held from June 27 to June 29 in Storrs, Connecticut.
The Center for Research on Education, Diversity & Excellence (CREDE) (http://www.crede.ucsc.edu/home.html) has just published Implementing Two-Way Immersion Programs in Secondary Schools by Christopher Montone and Michael Loeb. This report offers practical advice for two-way immersion programs considering expansion into middle school and high school. It includes an overview of likely challenges, options for meeting these challenges based on the experiences of established secondary programs, and portraits of seven articulated programs. To read more about this report or to order a copy, visit the CREDE publications Web site at the Center for Applied Linguistics (http://www.cal.org/crede/pubs) or send a check or purchase order to CAL/CREDE, 4646 40th St NW, Washington, DC 20016. Add 10% for shipping. For more information, contact email@example.com or call 202-362-0700, ext. 224.
Multilingual Matters publishing company offers the latest information on new language and linguistics publications in its online newsletter Multilingual Matters Books News. To subscribe, send the message SUBSCRIBE LANGUAGE to firstname.lastname@example.org. In addition to book announcements, the newsletter reports on news from Multilingual Matters and provides information on submitting manuscripts for publication. Visit the Multilingual Matters Web site at http://www.multilingual-matters.com.
NCBE Newsline (http://www.ncela.gwu.edu/majordomo/newsline/archive.htm) is a bi-weekly online newsletter from the National Clearinghouse for Bilingual Education at The George Washington University. NCBE Newsline offers timely legislative updates; Department of Education news and publications updates; news from the Regional Laboratories; and information about awards, conferences, and job opportunities in the field of bilingual education. To subscribe, send an email message to email@example.com. In the message type SUBSCRIBE NEWSLINE.
New NCBE publications include 1) Issue Brief No. 2: Transforming Education for Hispanic Youth: Recommendations for Principals and Building-Level Decisionmakers at http://www.ncela.gwu.edu/ncbepubs/issue/issuebrief2.pdf; 2) the Spring 2000 issue of Outreach News at http://www.ncela.gwu.edu/ncbepubs/outreach/spring00.pdf; and 3) Mandarin Chinese for Elementary Students at http://www.ncela.gwu.edu/miscpubs/class/index.html. NCBE has also posted an interactive tour, a slide show introduction to their products and services, and a new search guide.
The National Foreign Language Center (NFLC) will publish Language Policy and Pedagogy: Essays in Honor of A. Ronald Walton shortly. For more information, send an email message to firstname.lastname@example.org or email@example.com.
The University of Oregon Department of Linguistics has updated the U.S. Linguistic Olympics Web site. There are now over 25 problems geared to students who are native speakers of English. These problems may be downloaded for personal or classroom use. All linguists are encouraged to look at the site and try some of the problems. Although they are geared to secondary school students, many are challenging even to professional linguists. Linguists are also invited to submit problems to be used at the site. The Linguistic Olympics homepage is located at http://darkwing.uoregon.edu/~tpayne/lingolym.
New publications from Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages (TESOL) include Implementing the ESL Standards for Pre-K–12 Students Through Teacher Education and New Ways in Using Authentic Materials in the Classroom. TESOL also offers an extensive news section at its Web site. Visit http://www.tesol.org/assoc/index.html for timely articles on issues related to the profession, the Board of Directors, and ongoing projects and initiatives.
Visit TESOL Online's new Online Career Center at http://career.tesol.edu and search worldwide job listings, find out how to become qualified in TESOL, and gain job searching advice.
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