|CAL Resources Archive
The CAL Resources Archive was created to provide our visitors with access to older pages and content from our Web site that they may find useful. Please be aware that information within the CAL Resources Archive is historical in nature and will not be maintained or updated by CAL.
CAL Resource Guides Online
The wealth of information provided on the Web affords language teachers and learners access to resources like never before. Online journals, listservs, newspapers, and magazines provide authentic material for language learners while the researching capabilities of the Web assist teachers in study and practice.
What makes the Web especially exciting as a resource for language teaching and learning is its possibilities for interactivity. Online language tutorials, exercises, and tests are available to anyone who has access to the Web. Web-based materials can be updated and distributed easily and quickly, and feedback for many activities is instantaneous.
Language teachers can create their own Web-based language learning activities. Here are three examples of the many types of interactive language learning activities that are possible on the Web.
This simple HTML-based quiz on English articles provides answers for student self-assessment.
This pronunciation practice exercise integrates HTML and Shockwave to test students' differentiation of the words "want" and "won."
ERIC/CLL is grateful to Jean LeLoup of SUNY Cortland (Co-Moderator of the Foreign Language Teaching Forum listserv) for her valuable assistance in compiling this Resource Guide Online.
The following publications, Web sites, and listservs offer additional information about creating Web-based language learning activities. This Resource Guide concludes with an annotated bibliography of ERIC documents on this topic.
Educational MOO: Text-Based Virtual Reality for Learning in Community
Enhancing Authentic Language Learning Experiences Through Internet Technology
Evaluating Online Educational Materials for Use in Instruction
Interactive Language Learning on the Web
Technology-Delivered Assessment: Guidelines for Educators Traveling the Technology Highway
Tools for Automating Instructional Design
Using the World Wide Web with Adult ESL Learners
XML: A Language to Manage the World Wide Web
The CALICO (Computer Assisted Language Instruction Consortium) Journal is devoted to the dissemination of information concerning the application of technology to language teaching and language learning.
Computer Assisted Language
Computer Assisted Language Learning is an international journal which provides a forum to discuss the discoveries in the field of CALL and to exchange experience and information about existing techniques.
Technology Research and Development
This scholarly journal focuses entirely on research and development in educational technology. While not specifically focused on language education, this journal does provide insights into the field of instructional technology in general which can then be applied to a specific field.
The IALL Journal
The IALL Journal is the primary publication of the International Association for Language Learning Technology. IALL is dedicated to promoting effective uses of media centers for language teaching, learning, and research.
of Educational Multimedia and Hypermedia
JEMH is designed to provide a multi-disciplinary forum to present and discuss research, development, and applications of multimedia and hypermedia in education.
Language Learning & Technology
Language Learning & Technology is a refereed journal that seeks to disseminate research to foreign and second language educators in the United States and around the world on issues related to technology and language education.
Syllabus is a monthly magazine that focuses on the use of technology in higher education.
Boswood, T. (1997). New Ways of Using Computers in Language Teaching. Alexandria, VA: Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages .
Egbert, J., & Hanson-Smith, E. (1999). CALL Environments: Research, Practice, and Critical Issues. Alexandria, VA: Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages.
Swaffar, J., Romano, S., Arens, K., & Markley, P. (1998) Language Learning Online: Theory and Practice in the ESL and L2 Computer Classroom. Austin, TX: Labyrinth.
Warschauer, M., & Kern, R. (2000). Network-Based Language Teaching: Concepts and Practice. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Warschauer, M., Shetzer, H., & Meloni, C. (2000). Internet for English Teaching. Alexandria, VA: Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages.
This is the home page of CALICO, the Computer Assisted Language Instruction Consortium, an international clearinghouse on computer assisted learning and instruction.
Computer Assisted Language Learning
This site includes an overview of CALL, general CALL resources, and an extensive list of language-specific CALL resources.
This site from the University of Minnesota's College of Liberal Arts Language Center provides a broad assortment of links related to CALL on the Web.
Language Interactivity on the Web
This online workshop includes tutorials on Web site creation for language learning.
This site from Ohio ESL at Ohio University includes extensive resources on the basics of Web design, developer tools, and scripting for creating language activities for the Web.
HTML Language Learning Resources
This site explores the use of DHTML as a method of delivering interactive content for teaching and learning.
Language Multimedia Software Project
This site from the University of Hawaii National Foreign Language Resource Center offers an extensive listing of multimedia software, CDs, and Web resources along with online evaluations.
Hot Potatoes Half
Hot Potatoes software, an application package that can be used to create interactive multiple-choice, short-answer, jumbled-sentence, crossword, matching/ordering, and gap-fill exercises for the Web, is downloadable from this site and free for non-profit use.
Technology in the Foreign Language Classroom
This online syllabus for creating multimedia activities includes tutorials for activities such as Web page development; editing of sound, photos, and video; and online text glossing.
International Association of Learning
This Web site provides access to a software database and information that can help language teachers with all technical aspects of language labs.
This site provides an extensive list of links to resources on language learning on the Web, including software, testing, and virtual learning environments.
This free "teach yourself" tutorial on Internet information skills for modern languages covers key information skills for the Internet environment.
Design Instructional Resources
The aim of this site is to illustrate pedagogical uses of the Web and Internet technologies that can be adapted to the teaching of languages. Knowledge Design includes tutorials in HTML and forms and examples of Web-based exercises.
Interactive: A Trailguide to Creating Dynamic Web Pages
This Web site provides a brief look at several different options for creating interactive Web pages. Many free downloadable scripts are available here.
This collection of resources can "help take the technical out of technology for busy teachers" from beginner to advanced.
With the Web
This site is a compilation of ideas for using WWW resources as a language teaching tool with links to teaching resources, Web activities, and publications.
Learning Materials: An Interactive Presentation
This online presentation provides a good overview of the pedagogical capabilities of the Internet for language teaching and learning.
Developer's Virtual Library Tutorials
This inventory of foreign language Web activities offers examples of Web-based exercises in the four language skill areas.
This list was conceived to bring together students, faculty, and "interested others" in the field of educational technology to share ideas and information.
EDUCAUSE, a nonprofit association that promotes the use of information technology, mails this free e-mail newsletter to its subscribers every month. It contains synopses of news and information found on the EDUCAUSE Web site and other items for those interested in staying current with information technology news. The EDUCAUSE Online archives are also accessible online.
Edupage is a free e-mail service that summarizes developments in information technology. It is sent three times a week to subscribers.
Technology International Discussion Forum
This discussion list serves as a distribution point for information on language learning and technology with an international perspective. The LLTI list archives are searchable for answers to most technology-related questions for language teachers.
Based Training/Online Learning Listserv (WBTOLL-L)
This discussion list was founded to fill the need for an online discussion group that offers daily exchanges related to the development of Web-based training and e-learning programs.
World Wide Web
Courseware Developers' Listserv
This listserv is concerned with information of interest to persons developing courseware that is to be delivered in part or totally over the WWW.
You may wish to conduct your own search of the ERIC database on the World Wide Web. If you need help with your search, call 1-800-276-9834 or email our User Services staff.
Information on obtaining the documents listed below can be found at the end of this section. These documents were identified by searching the ERIC database using the following combination of ERIC descriptors and keywords:
World Wide Web
An On-Line Program for Intermediate Level Latin Readings.
CALICO Journal, v18 n2 p375-91 2001
Introduces an on-line intermediate Latin program to potential users by describing the goals and elements of the site (www.iona.edu/latin). Operation of the program is described, as well as the benefits for language education, its current uses, and suggestions for more creative uses in the classroom.
A French Vocabulary Tutor for the Web.
CALICO Journal, v17 n3 p475-99 2000
Web Course Design and Creation for Language Learning.
CALICO Journal, v17 n1 p43-58 1999
Discusses issues involved in creation and use of course Web sites for language learning. Examples are drawn from a German course taught at Virginia Commonwealth University. Course Web sites created from scratch are compared with sites created with a template-based authoring tool, "Web Course in a Box."
Language Training Opportunities: Today and Tomorrow 2000 Command Language Program Manager Seminar.
Applied Language Learning, v11 n2 p367-79 2000
Highlights the sixth Command Language Program Manager seminar, hosted by the Defense Language Institute Foreign Language Center, which focused on language training opportunities that are available now as well as those that will be in the future. New initiatives discussed include an Arabic in Action course, Web-based language training, training through the Institute's school for continuing education, and foreign language immersion training.
Web-based Technology as a Resource for Form-Focused Language Learning.
TESOL Quarterly, v34 n3 p603-15 Aug 2000
Looks ahead to some of the software capabilities soon to be available on the Web for helping learners notice linguistic form in text and Web-based audio materials. Points out that some of the general purpose authoring tools on the Web are ideally suited for developing English as a Second or Other Language learning materials.
Teaching German Literature through the Web: Processes and Outcomes.
King, Lynda J.
Unterrichtspraxis/Teaching German, v33 n1 p62-70 Spr 2000
Outlines how a Web site for a three-term German literature course at Oregon State University was created and used. Assesses the teaching of the Web-dependent version of the course, evaluates how the Internet enhances the course, and concludes by reporting on the response to the Web site.
Cooperative Learning Activities for the Foreign Language Classroom.
Leloup, Jean W.; Ponterio, Robert
Language Learning & Technology, v3 n2 p3-5 Jan 2000
The World Wide Web makes available language learning activities that are ready-made by language teachers, are freely available, and can immediately serve educators as instructional, enrichment, and/or review tools. Describes one site that was created by a foreign language educator in Canada that includes a myriad of activities for use in high school classes, all of which have use cooperative learning.
Computerizing an English Language Placement Test.
ELT Journal, v53 n4 p289-99 Oct 1999
Considers the computerization of an English-language placement test for delivery on the World Wide Web. Describes a pilot study to investigate potential bias against students who lack computer familiarity or have negative attitudes towards technology, and assesses the usefulness of the test as a placement instrument by comparing the accuracy of placement with a pencil-and-paper test.
An Evaluation of Japanese CALL Systems on the WWW: Comparing a Freely Input Approach with Multiple Selection.
Yang, Jie Chi; Akahori, Kanji
Computer Assisted Language Learning, v12 n1 p59-79 Feb 1999
Compares two Web-based systems. The Japanese writing computer-assisted language-learning system, the T system, enables learners to key-in sentences freely, detects learners' errors and displays appropriate feedback messages to guide learners to correct errors themselves. The M system enables learners to input their answer from a multiple selection and displays only the correct answer as feedback, regardless of the learners' response.
The Virtual Learning Environment: The Design of a Website for Language Learning.
Computer Assisted Language Learning, v11 n4 p349-61 Oct 1998
Delineates the process of how a Web site called the Virtual Learning Environment (VLE) was created to meet the language learning needs of a group of learners at a graduate school in Japan. The focus of discussion is on factors that influenced the design and evolution of the VLE site.
The Virtual Global Village: The World Wide Web, Instructional Technology and the "Communicative" Language Classroom.
Notes: In: Mid-South Instructional Technology Conference Proceedings (2nd, Murfreesboro, TN, April 6-8, 1997)
Web site: http://www.mtsu.edu/~itconf/proceed97/village1.html
The "discovery and conquest" of the Internet and its application to the teaching of foreign languages and cultures has created some very serious pedagogical problems. The interest in instructional technology appeared on the horizon at a moment when theorists of foreign language acquisition were promoting notions of proficiency-oriented and interactive teaching for cross-cultural communication. The digital realms of the Internet, the World Wide Web, CD-ROM, and network-based communications should immerse students in task- driven cultural studies. This field of expansion has presented a dilemma to foreign language teachers, who have had to face the issue of proper contextualization of these activities. Digital technologies can promote a more student-focused environment only if the teacher examines what is happening in the classroom before the addition of the use of any of the computer technologies. The World Wide Web as properly applied in this effort provides quick and unrestricted access to authentic materials in the form of text, sound, and images. Topics addressed in this paper include: the role of instructional technology in the foreign language classroom; CD-ROM, the Web, and network-based communication technologies; and the importance of communication in the classroom. A compilation of Web sites useful in the foreign language classroom is included.
Spanish Grammar on the Web: Interactive Materials for the Language Classroom.
de Arana, Juan Ramon
IALL Journal, v30 n3 p27-38 1997
Describes the evolution of one Spanish second-language teacher's use of the World Wide Web as a source for language exercises, particularly for grammar learning, beginning in 1995. Topics discussed include teacher development of exercises from cultural or other material; effective use of graphics and screen layout; and specific activities, including drills, cloze items, information seeking, and letter writing.
From CD-ROM to the WWW: Coming Full Circle.
CALICO Journal, v15 n1-3 p67-74 1998
Describes the challenges faced and solutions adopted in adapting the multimedia-rich "Varietes de francais" CD-ROM program to operate on the World Wide Web. The program runs locally to retrieve media resources, perform intelligent answer processing and data collection, and turns to the Web only when necessary for data transfer, external Web links, and electronic communication.
Error Analysis in Japanese Writing and Its Implementation in a Computer Assisted Language Learning System on the World Wide Web.
Yang, Jie Chi; Akahori, Kanji
CALICO Journal, v15 n1-3 p47-66 1998
Describes development and evaluation of an error analysis procedure for a computer-assisted language learning program using natural language processing techniques. The program can be used for learning passive voice in Japanese on any World Wide Web browser. The program enables learners to type sentences freely, detects errors, and displays appropriate feedback messages to guide error self-correction.
To Integrate Your Language Web Tools--CALL WebCT.
Notes: Paper presented at the Natural Language Processing and Industrial Application (NLP & IA/TAL & AI) - Special Accent on Language Learning (Moncton, New Brunswick, Canada, August 18-21, 1998).
The benefits of Internet activities for teaching of foreign languages, for example the use of e-mail as a non-threatening environment for language output, and using the Web to integrate language and culture, have become apparent in the last few years. This paper describes WebCT as a user-friendly integrated Internet environment for the teaching of foreign languages. WebCT (Web Course Tools), created at the University of British Columbia is a multi-faceted program that allows educators to customize an existing suite of tools to their individual needs and content. The different tools WebCT has to offer are assembled in a single password protected area; they include, but are not limited to: e-mail, bulletin board, chat rooms, and quizzes. These tools can be categorized in four areas: Content (paths, links), Communication (bulletin board, e-mail, chat rooms), Testing/Assessment (quizzes, self-test) and Course Management (calendar, student management, My Record). This paper briefly introduces the main tools, describes possible applications in computer-assisted language learning (CALL), and discusses their potential and limitations. The role of the teacher in WebCT is examined in terms of course development as well as in terms of different teaching modes (supplemental or self-contained). WebCT does not require instructors to become programmers, but enables them to create course materials and design their course on their own. WebCT is generally user-friendly for teachers and students, and especially easily understood from the student's perspective. The role of the student also depends upon the different teaching modes as well as whether the computer is used as a tutor or tool. Integrating the Internet into the foreign language classroom encourages students who are less likely to participate in class. It can also create possibilities for learners who would otherwise be excluded from foreign language learning. WebCT brings second language learning home to students.
EWeb and HomePage Maker: Making It Easier to Develop Content on the WWW.
Chen, Daxing; Zhao, Yong
Computer Assisted Language Learning, v10 n5 p427-41 Nov 1997
Describes two World-Wide-Web-based products designed to make the Web more interactive and accessible to less technically inclined language professionals for course development. The eWeb is a set of functions that support large-group and individual synchronous/asynchronous communication and material development. HomePage Maker allows interlinking of course-related Web pages using regular word processing skills.
The full text of most materials in the ERIC database with an "ED" followed by six digits is available through the ERIC Document Reproduction Service (EDRS) in microfiche, by email, or in paper copy. Approximately 80% of ERIC documents from 1993 to the present are available for online ordering and electronic delivery through the EDRS Web site. You can read ERIC documents on microfiche for free at many libraries with monthly subscriptions or specialized collections. To find an ERIC center near you, contact our User Services staff.
The full text of journal articles may be available from one or more of the following sources:
To obtain journals that do not permit reprints and are not available from your library, write directly to the publisher. Addresses of publishers are listed in the front of each issue of Current Index to Journals in Education and can now be accessed online through the CIJE Source Journal Index.
If you would like additional information about this or any topic related to language education or linguistics, contact our User Services Staff.
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