Two-Way Immersion Publications
CAL has assembled the following package to help teachers and administrators understand the essential components of dual language education and how to implement high-quality, effective programs. This package can also be useful for practitioners looking for ways to evaluate and improve their current two-way programs.
The TWI Package includes the publications described below, which can also be purchased separately.
Elizabeth R. Howard & Julie Sugarman
This book examines the role of program and classroom cultures in the development of bilingualism and biliteracy in two-way immersion students. Effective programs foster cultures of intellectualism, equity, and leadership. Drawing on a decade of research, the authors provide evidence of how these three cultures function as organizing principles for program and classroom practices adopted by four exemplary two-way immersion programs.
Elizabeth R. Howard, Julie Sugarman, Donna Christian,
Grounded in evidence and developed by a national panel of experts, the guiding principles are a tool to help dual language programs with planning and ongoing implementation. Program issues are addressed in seven strands: Assessment and Accountability, Curriculum, Instruction, Staff Quality and Professional Development, Program Structure, Family and Community, and Support and Resources.
Elizabeth R. Howard & Donna Christian
The report provides an overview of key issues and characteristics for implementing a successful two-way immersion program at the elementary level and incorporates advice from practitioners working in existing programs.
Note: The Two-Way Immersion 101 Report is available in Spanish online at CAL's Two-Way Immersion Web site.
Pathways to Multilingualism:
Edited by Tara Williams Fortune and Diane J. Tedick
This publication features a series of articles grounded in research that demonstrate what can be done to make immersion an effective pathway to multilingualism and academic success. Order online at the CAL Store.
Profiles in Two-Way Immersion Education
Donna Christian, Christopher L. Montone, Kathryn J. Lindholm, &
This classic reference publication on two-way immersion documents programs in three schools that are implementing variations of the two-way immersion education model. Order online at the CAL Store.
Elizabeth R. Howard, Natalie Olague, and David Rogers
This guide offers a collection of tools, such as discussion prompts and graphic organizers, for use in planning or implementing a dual language program. Dual language program planning teams are encouraged to work through the guide together to assess levels of support and readiness in the community for a dual language program and to develop a solid plan for moving forward with program implementation. Order online at the CAL Store.
Elizabeth R. Howard, Donna Christian, and Fred Genesee
This report presents findings from the CAL/CREDE study that examined the language and literacy development of both native Spanish speakers and native English speakers participating in two-way immersion programs. The longitudinal study focused on students' progress as they moved from Grade 3 to Grade 6. Order online at the CAL Store.
Christopher L. Montone and Michael I. Loeb
This report offers practical advice for two-way immersion programs considering expansion into middle school and high school. It includes an overview of likely challenges, options for meeting those challenges based on the experiences of established secondary school programs, and portraits of seven articulated programs. Order online at the CAL Store.
Impact of Two-Way Bilingual Elementary Programs on Students' Attitudes Toward School and College
Kathryn J. Lindholm-Leary and Graciela Borsato
This report examines the influence that participation in a two-way bilingual elementary program has had on high school students' attitudes toward school, college, and use of Spanish. Students were surveyed about their attitudes and proficiency in Spanish. Results show that most students had positive attitudes toward school and college, the two-way program, and bilingualism. Learn more on the CAL Store.
Becoming Bilingual in the Amigos Two-Way Immersion Program
Collaborative Practices in Bilingual Cooperative Learning
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