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African American English Bibliography


Scholarly articles on AAE and hip-hop culture.

Adams, T. M., & Fuller, D. B. (2006). The words have changed but the ideology remains the same: Misogynistic lyrics in rap music. Journal of Black Studies, 36(6), 938-957.

Alim, H. S. (2002). Street-conscious copula variation in the hip hop nation. American Speech, 77(3), 288-304.

Alim, H. S. (2003). On some serious next millenium rap ishhh: Pharoake Monch, hip hop poetics, and the internal rhymes of Internal Affairs. Journal of English Linguistics, 31(1), 60-84.

Alim, H. S. (2004). Hip Hop Nation Language. In E. Finegan & J. R. Rickford (Eds.), Language in the USA: Themes for the twenty-first century (pp. 387-409). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Alim, H. S. (2005). You know my Steez: An ethnographic and sociolinguistic study of styleshifting in a Black American speech community. Publications of the American Dialect Society 89. Raleigh, NC: Duke University Press.

Alim, H. S. (2006). Roc the mic right: The language of hip hop culture. New York: Routledge.

Alim, H. S., & Baugh, J. (Eds.). (2007). Talkin black talk: Language, education, and social change. New York: Teachers College Press.

Bucholtz, M. (1999). You da man: Narrating the racial other in the production of white masculinity. Journal of Sociolinguistics, 3(4), 443-460.

Campbell, K. (1997). "Real Niggaz's don't die": African American students speaking themselves in their writing. In C. Severino, J. C. Guerra & J. E. Butler (Eds.), Writing in multicultural settings. New York: Modern Language Association.

Cutler, C. A. (1997). Yorkville crossing: A case-study of the influence of hip-hop culture on the speech of [a] white middle class adolescent in New York City. London: Thames Valley University, Centre for Applied Linguistic Research.

Cutler, C. A. (1999). Yorkville crossing: White teens, hip hop and African American English. Journal of Sociolinguistics, 3(4), 428-442.

Cutler, C. A. (2002). Crossing over: White youth, hip-hop and African American English. (Doctoral dissertation, New York University, 2002), Dissertation Abstracts International 63(08). (AAT 3062805)

Cutler, C. A. (2003). The authentic speaker revisited: A look at ethnic perception data from white hip-hoppers. University of Pennsylvania Working Papers in Linguistics, 9(2), 49-60.

Cutler, C. A. (2003). "Keepin' it real": White hip-hoppers' discourse of language, race, and ethnicity. Journal of Linguistic Anthropology, 13(2), 211-233.

Edwards, W. F. (1998). Sociolinguistic features of rap lyrics: Comparisons with Reggae. In P. Christie, B. Lalla, V. Pollard & L. Carrington (Eds.), Studies in Caribbean Language II: Papers from the 9th Biennial conference of the Society for Caribbean Linguistics, 1992 (pp. 128-146). St. Augustine, Trinidad.

Fisher, M. (2003). Open mics and open minds: Spoken word poetry in African Diaspora Participatory Literacy Communities. Harvard Educational Review, 73(3), 362-389.

Ginwright, S. A. (2004). Black in school: Afrocentric reform, urban youth & the promise of hip-hop culture. New York: Teachers College Press.

Harris, K. J. (2003). Pan African language systems: Ebonics & African oral heritage. London: Karnak House.

Reyes, A. (2005). Appropriation of African American slang by Asian American youth. Journal of Sociolinguistics, 9(4), 509-532.

Richardson, E. (2006). Hip hop literacies. New York: Routledge.

Smitherman, G. (2006). Word from the mother: Language and African Americans. New York: Routledge.

Yasin, J. A. (1997). In yo face! Rappin' beats comin' at you: A study of how language is mapped onto musical beats in rap music. (Doctoral dissertation, Columbia University Teachers College, 1997), Dissertation Abstracts International 58(05), 1686. (AAT 9734099)

Young, V. A. (2004). Your average Nigga. College Composition and Communication, 55(4), 693-715.

Return to the AAE bibliography main page.

This list was compiled by Kara Becker, Peter Patrick, and Jonathan Rosa.