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African American English Bibliography

New Developments

Recent publications from 2003 through 2007.

Adams, T. M., & Fuller, D. B. (2006). The words have changed but the ideology remains the same: Misogynistic lyrics in rap music. Journal of Black Studies, 36(6), 938-957.

Adger, C. T., Wolfram, W., & Christian, D. (2007). Dialects in schools and communities (2nd ed.). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Alim, H. S. (2003). On some serious next millenium rap ishhh: Pharoake Monch, hip hop poetics, and the internal rhymes of Internal Affairs. Journal of English Linguistics, 31(1), 60-84.

Alim, H. S. (2004). Hip Hop Nation Language. In E. Finegan & J. R. Rickford (Eds.), Language in the USA: Themes for the twenty-first century (pp. 387-409). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Alim, H. S. (2005). You know my Steez: An ethnographic and sociolinguistic study of styleshifting in a Black American speech community. Publications of the American Dialect Society 89. Raleigh, NC: Duke University Press.

Alim, H. S. (2006). Roc the mic right: The language of hip hop culture. New York: Routledge.

Alim, H. S., & Baugh, J. (Eds.). (2007). Talkin black talk: Language, education, and social change. New York: Teachers College Press.

Anderson, B. L. (2003). An acoustic study of Southeastern Michigan Appalachian and African-American southern migrant vowel systems. (Doctoral dissertation, University of Michigan, 2003), Dissertation Abstracts International 64(09). (AAT 3106006)

Ball, A. F., & Lardner, T. (2005). African American literacies unleashed: Vernacular English and the composition classroom. Carbondale, IL: Southern Illinois University Press.

Barnes, S. (2003). The Ebonics enigma: An analysis of attitudes on an urban campus. Race, Ethnicity and Education, 6(3), 247-263.

Baugh, J. (2004). Ebonics and its controversy. In E. Finegan & J. R. Rickford (Eds.), Language in the US: Themes for the twenty-first century. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Baugh, J. (2004). Standard English and Academic English (dialect) learners in the African diaspora. Journal of English Linguistics, 32(3), 197-209.

Billings , A. C. (2005). Beyond the Ebonics debate: Attitudes about Black and Standard American English. Journal of Black Studies, 36(1), 68-81.

Blake, R., & Cutler, C. (2003). AAE and variation in teachers' attitudes: A question of the school philosophy? Linguistics and Education, 14(2), 163-194.

Bohn, A. P. (2003). Familar voices: Using Ebonics communication techniques in the primary classroom. Urban Education, 38(6), 688-707.

Boone, P. (2003). When the "Amen Corner" comes to class: An examination of the pedagogical and cultural impact of call-response communication in the black college classroom. Communication Education, 52(3-4), 212-229.

Brown, D. W. (2006). Girls and guys, ghetto and bougie: Metapragmatics, ideology, and the management of social identities. Journal of Sociolinguistics, 10(5), 596-610.

Carpenter, J. (2005). The invisible community of the lost colony: African American English on Roanoke Island. American Speech, 80(3), 227-255.

Carpenter, J., & Hilliard, S. (2005). Shifting parameters of individual and group variation. Journal of English Linguistics, 33(2), 161-184.

Champion, T. (2003). Understanding the narrative structures used among African American children: A journey from Africa to America. Mawah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.

Charity, A. H. (2005). Dialect variation in school settings among African-American children of low socioeconomic status. (Doctoral dissertation, University of Pennsylvania, 2005), Dissertation Abstracts International 66(06). (AAT 3179712)

Charity, A. H., Scarborough, H. S., & Griffin, D. M. (2004). Familiarity with school English in African American children and its relation to early reading achievement. Child Development, 75(5), 1340-1356.

Childs, B., & Mallinson, C. (2004). African American English in Appalachia: Dialect accommodation and substrate influence. English world-wide, 25(1), 27-50.

Coles-White, D. J. (2004). Negative concord in child African American English: Implications for specific language impairment. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 47(1), 212-222.

Connor, C. M., & Craig, H. K. (2006). African American preschoolers' language, emergent literacy skills, and use of African American English: A complex relation. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 49(4), 771-792.

Craig, H. K., Thompson, C. A., Washington, J. A., & Potter, S. L. (2003). Phonological features of child African American English. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 46(3), 623-635.

Craig, H. K., & Washington, J. A. (2006). Malik goes to school: Examining the language skills of African American students from preschool to 5th grade. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Cukor-Avila, P. (2003). The complex grammatical history of African-American and white vernaculars in the South. In S. J. Nagle & S. L. Sanders (Eds.), English in the Southern United States (pp. 82-105). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Cutler, C. A. (2003). The authentic speaker revisited: A look at ethnic perception data from white hip-hoppers. University of Pennsylvania Working Papers in Linguistics, 9(2), 49-60.

Cutler, C. A. (2003). "Keepin' it real": White hip-hoppers' discourse of language, race, and ethnicity. Journal of Linguistic Anthropology, 13(2), 211-233.

Davis , S. (2003). "Is this Negroish or Irish?" African American English, the antebellum writings of Francis Lieber, and the origins controversy. American Speech, 78(3), 285-306.

de Villiers, J. G., & Johnston, V. E. (2007). The information in third person /s/: Acquisition across dialects of American English. Journal of Child Language, 34(1), 133-158.

DeBose, C. (2005). The sociology of African American language: A language planning perspective. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

Dubois, S., & Horvath, B. M. (2003). Creoles and Cajuns: A portrait in black and white. American Speech, 78(2), 192-207.

Fecho, B. (2004). Is this English? Race, language, and culture in the classroom. New York: Teachers College Press.

Felder, L. J. (2006). Perception of African American English word-final stop consonants by mainstream American English and African American English listeners. (Doctoral dissertation, City University of New York, 2006), Dissertation Abstracts International 67(01). (AAT 3205007)

Fisher, M. (2003). Open mics and open minds: Spoken word poetry in African Diaspora Participatory Literacy Communities. Harvard Educational Review, 73(3), 362-389.

Fridland, V. (2003). 'Tie, tied and tight': The expansion of /ai/ monophthongization in African-American and European-American speech in Memphis, Tennessee. Journal of Sociolinguistics, 7(3), 279-298.

Garrity, A. W. (2007). A study of auxiliary BE in African American English: A comparison of children with and without specific language impairment. (Doctoral dissertation, Lousiana Sate University and Agricultural & Mechanical College, 2007), Dissertation Abstracts International 68(03). (AAT 3256324)

German, G. D. (2006). From British to African American Vernacular English: The strange odyssey of periphrastic habitual be and do. Dialectologia et Geolinguistica, 14, 12-62.

Ginwright, S. A. (2004). Black in school: Afrocentric reform, urban youth & the promise of hip-hop culture. New York: Teachers College Press.

Green, L. J. (2004). African American English. In E. Finegan & J. R. Rickford (Eds.), Language in the USA: Themes for the twenty-first century (pp. 76-91). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Green, L. J. (2004). Research on African American English since 1998. Journal of English Linguistics, 32(3), 210-229.

Hall, D. T., & Damico, J. (2007). Black youth employ African American Vernacular English in creating digital texts. Journal of Negro Education, 76(1), 80-89.

Harris, J. (2003). A study of a variant Black English vernacular developed by African American and White immigrant coal miners in the coal mining camp towns of central Alabama. (Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University of Pennsylvania, 2003), Dissertation Abstracts International 64(02). (AAT 3080387)

Harris, K. J. (2003). Pan African language systems: Ebonics & African oral heritage. London: Karnak House.

Harris, K. L., & Moran, M. (2006). Phonological features exhibited by children speaking African American English at three grade levels. Communication Disorders Quarterly, 27(4), 195-205.

Holmes, D. G. (2004). Revisiting racialized voice: African American ethos in language and literature. Carbondale, IL: Southern Illinois University Press.

Hopson, R. (2003). The problem of the language line: Cultural and social reproduction of hegemonic linguistic structures for learners of African descent in the USA. Race, Ethnicity and Education, 6(3), 227-245.

Horton-Ikard, R., & Miller, J. F. (2004). It is not just the poor kids: The use of AAE forms by African-American school-aged children from middle SES communities. Journal of Communication Disorders, 37(6), 467-487.

Horton-Ikard, R., & Weismer, S. E. (2005). Distinguishing African American English from developmental errors in the language production of toddlers. Applied Psycholinguistics, 26(4), 597-620.

Horvat, E. M., & Lewis, K. S. (2003). Reassessing the "burden of 'acting white'": The importance of peer groups in managing academic success. Sociology of Education, 76(4), 265-280.

Irvine , J. J. (2003). Educating teachers for diversity: Seeing with a cultural eye. New York: Teachers College Press.

Jacobs-Huey, L. (2006). From the kitchen to the parlor: Language and becoming in African American women's hair care. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Johnson, V. E. (2005). Comprehension of third person singular /s/ in AAE-speaking children. Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools, 36(2), 116-124.

Jones, J. (2003). African Americans in Lansing and the Northern cities vowel shift: Language contact and accommodation. (Doctoral dissertation, Michigan State University, 2003), Dissertation Abstracts International 64(08). (AAT 3100439)

LeMoine, N. R. (2003). The impact of linguistic knowledge of African American Language/Ebonics on teacher attitude toward African American Language and the students who speak AAL/Ebonics. (Doctoral dissertation, University of Southern California, 2003), Dissertation Abstracts International 64(09). (AAT 3103935)

Makoni, S., Smitherman, G., Ball, A., & Spears, A. (Eds.). (2003). Black linguistics: Language, society, and politics in Africa and the Americas. New York: Routledge.

Mallinson, C., & Childs, B. (2005). Communities of practice in sociolinguistic description: African American women's language in Appalachia. University of Pennsylvania Working Papers in Linguistics, 10(2), 1-14.

Miethaner, U. (2005). I can look through muddy water: Analyzing earlier African American English in blues lyrics (BLUR). Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang.

Nguyen, J. G. (2006). The changing social and linguistic orientation of the African American middle class. (Doctoral dissertation, University of Michigan, 2006), Dissertation Abstracts International 67(02), PhD. (AAT 3208524)

Nguyen, J. G. (2006). Real-time changes in social stratification: Status and gender in trajectories of change for AAE variables. University of Pennsylvania Working Papers in Linguistics, 12(2), 159-171.

Norment, N. (Ed.). (2003). Readings in African American language: Aspects, features and perspectives. New York: Peter Lang.

Norment, N. (Ed.). (2005). Readings in African American language: Aspects, features, and perspectives (Vol. 2). New York: Peter Lang.

Patton-Terry, N. S. (2004). An investigation of early linguistic awareness and spelling ability among African American English and Standard American English speakers. (Doctoral dissertation, Northwestern University, 2004), Dissertation Abstracts International 65(12), 4436. (AAT 3156634)

Perry, T., Steele, C., & Hilliard, A. I. (2003). Young, gifted and black: Promoting high achievement among African-American students. Boston: Beacon.

Queen, R. (2004). 'Du has jar keene Ahnung': African American English dubbed into German. Journal of Sociolinguistics, 8(4), 515-537.

Rahman, J. (2004). It's a serious business: The linguistic construction of middle-class white characters by African American narrative comedians. (Doctoral dissertation, Stanford University, 2004), Dissertation Abstracts International 65(09). (AAT 3145601)

Rahman, J. (2007). An ay for an ah: Language of survival in African American narrative comedy. American Speech, 82(1), 65-96.

Ramirez, J. D., Wiley, T. G., de Klerk, G., Lee, E., & Wright, W. E. (Eds.). (2005). Ebonics: The urban education debate (2nd ed.). Clevedon: Multilingual Matters Ltd.

Reyes, A. (2005). Appropriation of African American slang by Asian American youth. Journal of Sociolinguistics, 9(4), 509-532.

Richardson, E. (2003). African American literacies. New York: Routledge.

Richardson, E. (2006). Hip hop literacies. New York: Routledge.

Rickford, J. R. (2006). Down for the count? The creole origins hypothesis of AAVE at the hands of the Ottawa circle, and their supporters. Journal of Pidgin and Creole Languages, 21(1), 97-155.

Robinson, G. C. (2006). Perceptions of African American English dialect density by Anglo-European speech-language pathologists. (Doctoral dissertation, Michigan State University, 2006), Dissertation Abstracts International 67(05). (AAT 3216169)

Ross, S. H., Oetting, J. B., & Stapleton, B. (2004). Preterite had + ed: A developmental narrative structure of African American English. American Speech, 79(2), 167-193.

Schilling-Estes, N. (2004). Constructing ethnicity in interaction. Journal of Sociolinguistics, 8(2), 163-195.

Schneider, E. W., & Miethaner, U. (2006). When I started to using BLUR: Accounting for unusual verb complementation patterns in an electronic corpus of earlier African American English. Journal of English Linguistics, 34(3), 233-256.

Seymour, H. N. (2004). The challenge of language assessment for African American English-speaking children: A historical perspective. Seminars in Speech and Language, 25(1), 3-12.

Smitherman, G. (2004). Language and African Americans: Movin on up a lil higher. Journal of English Linguistics, 32(3), 186-196.

Smitherman, G. (2006). Word from the mother: Language and African Americans. New York: Routledge.

Smitherman, G., & Cunningham, S. (1997). Moving beyond resistance: Ebonics and African American youth. Journal of Black Psychology, 23(3), 227-232.

Stockman, I. J. (2006). Alveolar bias in the final consonant deletion patterns of African American children. Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools, 37(2), 85-95.

Stockman, I. J. (2006). Evidence for minimal competence core of consonant sounds in the speech of African American children: A preliminary study. Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics, 20(10), 723-749.

Sweetland, J. (2006). Teaching writing in the African American classroom: A sociolinguistic approach. (Doctoral dissertation, Stanford University, 2006), Dissertation Abstracts International 67(09). (3235360)

Terry, J. M. E. (2004). On the articulation of aspectual meaning in African American English. (Doctoral dissertation, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, 2004), Dissertation Abstracts International 65(06). (AAT 3136782)

Terry, N. P. (2006). Relations between dialect variation, grammar, and early spelling skills. Reading and Writing, 19(9), 907-931.

Thomas, E. R., & Carter, P. M. (2006). Prosodic rhythm and African American English. English world-wide, 27(3), 331-355.

Thomas, E. R., & Reaser, J. (2004). Delimiting perceptual cues used for the ethnic labeling of African American and European American voices. Journal of Sociolinguistics, 8(1), 54-87.

Thompson, C. A., Craig, H. K., & Washington, J. A. (2004). Variable production of African American English across oracy and literacy contexts. Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools, 35(3), 269-282.

Troike, R. C. (2003). The earliest Gullah/AAVE texts: A case of 19th century mesolectal variation. Journal of Pidgin and Creole Languages, 18(2), 159-230.

Van Herk, G., & Walker, J. A. (2005). S marks the spot? Regional variation and early African American correspondence. Language Variation and Change, 17(2), 113-131.

Walker, J. A. (2005). The ain't constraint: Not-contraction in early African American English. Language Variation and Change, 17(1), 1-17.

Wassink, A. B., & Curzan, A. (2004). Addressing ideologies around African American English. Journal of English Linguistics, 32(3), 171-185.

Weldon, T. L. (2003). Copula variability in Gullah. Language Variation and Change, 15(1), 37-72.

Weldon, T. L. (2003). Revisiting the creolist hypothesis: Copula variability in Gullah and southern rural AAVE. American Speech, 78(2), 171-191.

Wharry, C. (2003). Amen and hallelujah preaching: Discourse functions in African American sermons. Language in Society, 32(2), 203-226.

Wheeler, R. (2004). Codeswitching: Tools of language and culture transform the dialectally diverse classroom. Language Arts, 81(6), 470-480.

Wolfram, W. (2003). Reexamining the development of African American English: Evidence from isolated communities. Language, 79(2), 282-316.

Wolfram, W. (2004). Social varieties of American English. In E. Finegan & J. R. Rickford (Eds.), Language in the USA: Themes for the twenty-first century (pp. 58-75). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Young, V. A. (2004). Your average Nigga. College Composition and Communication, 55(4), 693-715.

Return to the AAE bibliography main page.

This list was compiled by Kara Becker, Peter Patrick, and Jonathan Rosa.