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African American English Bibliography


The relationship between AAE and writing skills.

Agnew, E., & McLaughlin, M. (1999). Basic writing class of '93 five years later: How the academic paths of blacks and whites diverged. Journal of Basic Writing, 18(1), 40-54.

Anderson, E. (1990). Some ways to use the rhetorical skills of black American folk tradition to teach rhetoric and composition [Electronic Version]. ERIC Document Reproduction Service no. ED328919.

Balester, V. M. (1988). The social construction of ethos: A study of the spoken and written discourse of two black college students. (Doctoral dissertation, The University of Texas at Austin, 1988), Dissertation Abstracts International 49(11), 3348. (AAT 8901268)

Balester, V. M. (1993). Cultural divide: A study of African American college-level writers. Portsmouth, NH: Boyton/Cook.

Balhorn, M. (1999). Standard written English and the language of African Americans. SECOL Review, 23(2), 124-147.

Ball, A. (1992). Cultural preference and the expository writing of African American adolescents. Written Communication, 9(4), 501-532.

Ball, A. (1992). Organizational patterns in oral and written expository language of African-American adolescents. (Doctoral dissertation, Stanford University, 1992), Dissertation Abstracts International 52(9). (AAT 9206735)

Ball, A. (1995). Text design patterns in the writing of urban African American students: Teaching to the strengths of students in multicultural settings. Urban Education, 30(3), 253-289.

Ball, A. (1999). Evaluating the writing of culturally and linguistically diverse students: The case of the African American Vernacular English speaker. In C. R. Cooper & L. Odell (Eds.), Evaluating writing: The role of teachers' knowledge about text, learning, and culture (pp. 225-248). Urbana, IL: NCTE.

Ball, A. (2000). Empowering pedagogies that enhance the learning of multicultural students. Teachers College Record, 102(6), 1006-1034.

Ball, A. F., & Lardner, T. (2005). African American literacies unleashed: Vernacular English and the composition classroom. Carbondale, IL: Southern Illinois University Press.

Bennerson-Mohamed, T. A. (2002). An exploration of teachers' and African-American students' attitudes toward Ebonics in a community college writing program. (Doctoral dissertation, State University of New York at Binghamton, 2002), Dissertation Abstracts International 63(03). (AAT 3047701)

Bryan, A. (1989). Cohesion analysis of the speaking and writing of four black college students. (Doctoral dissertation, New York University, 1989), Dissertation Abstracts International 51(08), 2616. (AAT 9016432)

Camitta, M. (1993). Vernacular writing: Varieties of literacy among Philadelphia high school students. In B. Street (Ed.), Cross-cultural approaches to literacy (pp. 228-246). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Campbell, K. (1993). The rhetoric of Black English Vernacular: A study of the oral and written discourse practices of African American male college students. (Doctoral dissertation, The Ohio State University, 1993), Dissertation Abstracts International 54(08), 3010. (AAT 9401224)

Campbell, K. (1997). "Real Niggaz's don't die": African American students speaking themselves in their writing. In C. Severino, J. C. Guerra & J. E. Butler (Eds.), Writing in multicultural settings. New York: Modern Language Association.

Chapman, I. T. (1991). A qualitative analysis of selected black male students interfacing with writing literacy. (Doctoral dissertation, University of South Carolina, 1991), Dissertation Abstracts International 52(12), 4286. (AAT 9214927)

Coleman, C. F. (1995). Negotiating literacies: Profiles of two African-American college students. (Doctoral dissertation, Columbia University Teachers College, 1995), Dissertation Abstracts International 56(04), 1336. (AAT 9525481)

Delpit, L. (1988). The silenced dialogue: Power and pedagogy in educating other people's children. Harvard Educational Review, 58(3), 280-298.

Finizio, M. T. (2001). Dialect influence and the use of dialect features across informal and formal tasks in the spoken text and written text of African American students enrolled in an urban high school. (Doctoral dissertation, Temple University, 2001), Dissertation Abstracts International 62(11). (AAT 3031521)

Fogel, H., & Ehri, L. C. (2000). Teaching elementary students who speak Black English Vernacular to write in Standard English: Effects of dialect transformation practice. Contemporary Educational Psychology, 25, 212-223.

Gadsen, V., & Wagner, D. (Eds.). (1995). Literacy among African American youth: Issues in learning, teaching, and schooling. Creskill, NJ: Hampton.

Gilyard, K. (Ed.). (1991). Let's flip the script: An African American discourse on language, literature, and learning. Detroit, MI: Wayne State University Press.

Harris, J., Kamhi, A., & Pollock, K. (Eds.). (2001). Literacy in African American communities. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.

Harris, O., Anderson, V., Bloome, D., & Champion, T. (1995). A select bibliography of research on Africanized English and education. Linguistics and Education, 7(2), 151-156.

Holmes, D. G. (1999). Fighting back by writing black: Beyond racially reductive composition theory. In K. Gilyard (Ed.), Race, rhetoric and composition (pp. 53-66). Portsmouth, NH: Boynton/Cook.

Holmes, D. G. (2004). Revisiting racialized voice: African American ethos in language and literature. Carbondale, IL: Southern Illinois University Press.

Holton, S. W. (1989). The 1-2-3 method: A writing process for bidialectal students. Edina, MN: Bellweather Press.

Holton, S. W. (1991). Using the ethnography of African-American communications in teaching composition to bidialectal students. In M. McGroarty & C. Faltis (Eds.), Languages in schools and society: Policy and pedagogy (pp. 465-485). Berlin: Walter de Gruyter.

Hoover, M. R. (1991). Using the ethnography of African-American communities in teaching composition to bidialectal students. In M. E. McGroarty & C. J. Faltis (Eds.), Language in schools and society: Policy and pedagogy (pp. 465-485). Berlin: Walter de Gruyter.

Ivy, L. J. (2004). A comparison of oral and written English styles in African American students. (Doctoral dissertation, The University of Memphis, 2004), Dissertation Abstracts International 65(11), 5674. (AAT 3153944)

Johnson, E. B. I. (1998). The influence of speaking Black English on spelling in standardized English. (Doctoral dissertation, University of Washington, 1998), Dissertation Abstracts International 59(03), 728. (AAT 9828499)

Johnson, I. A. (1999). The influence of African-American English on early spelling. (Doctoral dissertation, The University of Memphis, 1999), Dissertation Abstracts International 60(11), 5473. (AAT 9949969)

Lanehart, S. (1995). Language, literacy, and uses of identity. (Doctoral dissertation, University of Michigan, 1995), Dissertation Abstracts International 56(12), 4743. (AAT 9610177)

Lee, C. D. (1997). Bridging home and school literacies: A model of culturally responsive teaching. In J. Flood, S. B. Heath & D. Lapp (Eds.), Research on teaching the communicative and visual arts (pp. 330-341). New York: Macmillan.

Marback, R. (2001). Ebonics: Theorizing in public our attitudes toward literacy. College Composition and Communication, 53(1), 11-32.

Morrow, D. H. (1986). The relationship between feature alternation and error in writing among university freshmen who select features of Black American English in speech. (Doctoral dissertation, University of Pittsburgh, 1986), Dissertation Abstracts International 47(06), 2063. (AAT 8620314)

Norment, N. (Ed.). (2003). Readings in African American language: Aspects, features and perspectives. New York: Peter Lang.

Norment, N. (Ed.). (2005). Readings in African American language: Aspects, features, and perspectives (Vol. 2). New York: Peter Lang.

Palacas, A. (2001). Liberating American Ebonics from Euro-English. College English, 63(3), 326-352.

Patton-Terry, N. S. (2004). An investigation of early linguistic awareness and spelling ability among African American English and Standard American English speakers. (Doctoral dissertation, Northwestern University, 2004), Dissertation Abstracts International 65(12), 4436. (AAT 3156634)

Richardson, E. (2003). African American literacies. New York: Routledge.

Rickford, J. R. (2002). Linguistics, education, and the Ebonics firestorm. In J. E. Alatis, H. E. Hamilton & A.-H. Tan (Eds.), Round table on language and linguistics, 2000: Linguistics, language and the professions (pp. 25-45). Washington, D.C.: Georgetown University Press.

Smitherman, G. (Ed.). (1981). Black English and the education of black children and youth: Proceedings of the National Symposium on the King Decision. Detroit, MI: Center for Black Studies, Wayne State University.

Smitherman, G. (1992). Black English, diverging or converging? The view from the National Assessment of Educational Progress. Language and Education, 6(1), 47-61.

Smitherman, G. (1994). "The blacker the berry, the sweeter the juice": African American students writers in the National Assessment of Educational Progress. In A. H. Dyson & C. Genishi (Eds.), The need for story: Cultural diversity in classroom and community (pp. 80-101). Urbana, IL: NCTE.

Smitherman, G. (1999). CCCC's role in the struggle for language rights. College Composition and Communication, 50(3), 349-376.

Smitherman, G. (Ed.). (2000). Talkin that talk: Language, culture and education in African American. London: Routledge.

Stoller, P. (Ed.). (1975). Black American English: Its background and its usage in schools and in literature. New York City: Delta.

Sweetland, J. (2006). Teaching writing in the African American classroom: A sociolinguistic approach. (Doctoral dissertation, Stanford University, 2006), Dissertation Abstracts International 67(09). (3235360)

Taylor, H. U. (1989). Standard English, Black English, and bidialectalism. New York: Peter Lang.

Taylor, H. U. (1991). Ambivalence toward Black English: Some tentative solutions. Writing Instructor, 10(3), 121-135.

Terry, N. P. (2006). Relations between dialect variation, grammar, and early spelling skills. Reading and Writing, 19(9), 907-931.

Thompson, C. A., Craig, H. K., & Washington, J. A. (2004). Variable production of African American English across oracy and literacy contexts. Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools, 35(3), 269-282.

Troutman, D. (1997). Whose voice is it anyway? Marked features in the writing of black English speakers. In C. Severino, J. C. Guerra & J. E. Butler (Eds.), Writing in multicultural settings (pp. 27-39). New York: Modern Language Association.

Troutman-Robinson, D. E. (1987). Oral and written discourse: A study of feature transfer (Black English). (Doctoral dissertation, Michigan State University, 1987), Dissertation Abstracts International 48(03), 641. (AAT 8714373)

Visor, J. N. (1987). The impact of American Black English oral tradition features on decontextualization skills in college writing. (Doctoral dissertation, Illinois State University, 1987), Dissertation Abstracts International 49(03), 452. (AAT 8806870)

White, G. G. (1985). Black dialect in student writing: A correlation analysis of reading achievement, syntactic maturity, intelligence, grade level, and sex. (Doctoral dissertation, Auburn University, 1985), Dissertation Abstracts International 46(12), 3639. (AAT 8604738)

Whiteman, M. F. (1976). Dialect influence and the writing of black and white working class Americans. (Doctoral dissertation, Georgetown University, 1976), Dissertation Abstracts International 37(06), 3595. (AAT 7628885)

Wiley, T. G. (1996). The case of African American Language. In T. G. Wiley (Ed.), Literacy and language diversity in the United States (pp. 125-132). Washington, D.C.: Center for Applied Linguistics/Delta.

Wright, B. H. W. (1985). Hypercorrections and dialect forms in the compositions of native born college students from Georgia. (Doctoral dissertation, City University of New York, 1985), Dissertation Abstracts International 46(11), 3340. (AAT 8601706)

Wright, S. (1984). A description of the variance between the oral and written language patterns of a group of black community college students. (Doctoral dissertation, Wayne State University, 1984), Dissertation Abstracts International 46(05), 1267. (AAT 8514163)

Young, V. A. (2004). Your average Nigga. College Composition and Communication, 55(4), 693-715.

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This list was compiled by Kara Becker, Peter Patrick, and Jonathan Rosa.