Directory of Two-Way Bilingual Immersion Programs in the U.S.

The Directory of Two-Way Bilingual Programs in the U.S. was supported by funding from the U.S. Department of Education from 1991-2004. To support the field, CAL is continuing to make this online directory available for searching and, upon request from many programs, we have reopened the directory so programs can add or change information. CAL is exploring ways to expand its activities around Bilingual, Dual Language, and Two-Way Immersion Education.

Directory of Two-Way Bilingual Immersion Programs in the U.S.

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TWI program information

This directory lists two-way immersion (TWI) programs in the U.S. that serve students in Pre-K through 12th grade. The elementary (K-5) programs listed in this directory meet all four of the following criteria:

  • Integration: Language-minority and language-majority students are integrated for at least 60% of instructional time (and ideally more) at all grade levels
  • Instruction: Content and literacy instruction in English and the partner language is provided to all students, and all students receive instruction in the partner language at least 50% of the instructional day at all grade levels
  • Population: Within the program, there is a balance of language-minority and language-majority students, with each group making up between one-third and two-thirds of the total student population
  • Duration of program: The TWI program begins in Pre-K, Kindergarten, or first grade and runs at least five years (preferably through Grade 12)

Secondary (middle and high school) programs are included in the Directory if they are the continuation of a TWI program that meets the above criteria. It is preferable that students in a secondary TWI program receive at least one language/literacy and one content course in the partner language.