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Resources for Educators
of English Language Learners

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Resources for Grades 9-12
Curricula and Standards
Classroom Resources
and Instructional Strategies
Culture and Orientation
Professional Development
Sample Search
of the ERIC Database
Resources for Grades K–12
Curricula and Standards
Classroom Resources
and Instructional Strategies
Culture and Orientation
Professional Development
Sample Search
of the ERIC Database

Classroom Resources and Instructional Strategies: Grades K–12


Allen, J. (1999). Words, words, words: Teaching vocabulary in grades 4-12. York, ME: Stenhouse.

Words, Words, Words provides educators with a strong research base, detailed classroom-based lessons, and graphic organizers to support the strategy lessons. This book offers some practical solutions for meeting content standards in ways that are meaningful and lasting.

Beers, K. (2002). When kids can’t read: What teachers can do. Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann.

Although not written specifically for teachers of English language learners, this book was written for teachers in Grades 6–12 who desire to help struggling, dependent readers in their classrooms become independent readers. Many of the ideas and suggestions for assisting these students are appropriate or may be adapted for English language learners. The author shares strategies for motivating students; for increasing comprehension; and for developing word recognition, vocabulary, and fluency. The appendices include many useful materials, some of which may be photocopied and used in the classroom.

Brinton, D. B., & Master, P. (Eds.). (1997). New ways in content-based instruction. Alexandria, VA: Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages, Inc.

This volume offers detailed activities that can be used dynamically in the classroom to enhance content-based instruction for K–12, young adult, and university English language learners. The activities are grouped into five parts of the book: information management, critical thinking, hands-on activities, data gathering, and text analysis and construction.

Celce-Murcia, M. (Ed.). Teaching English as a second or foreign language. (3rd ed.). Boston: Heinle and Heinle.

This methodology resource gives both experienced and prospective ESL/EFL teachers the theoretical background and practical applications they need to decide which methods, materials, and resources can be used in their classrooms. This book was primarily designed as a textbook for preservice TESL/TEFL courses but can also be used as a reference book for individual teachers and a sourcebook for teacher trainers.

Chamot, A. U., & O’Malley, J. M. (1994). The CALLA handbook: Implementing the cognitive academic language learning approach. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley.

This handbook is a practical resource for teachers who are responsible for teaching the content area subjects to English language learners (ELLs). The CALLA program is introduced followed by a model of teaching that includes three main components: content topics, academic language skills, and learning strategy instruction. Four content area units and an integrated CALLA unit are outlined as a guide to implementation.

Freeman, Y. S. & Freeman, D. E. (2000). Teaching reading in multilingual classrooms. Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann.

This volume introduces core principles of effective reading practice. Presented as a definitive checklist, these principles form the basis of much of the book and help teachers plan their reading curriculum and assess their teaching of reading. Examples of eight teachers who work effectively with mainstream, ESL, and bilingual students are included.

Freeman, Y. S. & Freeman, D. E. (1998). ESL/EFL teaching: Principles for success. Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann.

The Freemans present classroom learning for English language learners in the context of learner-centered instruction that emphasizes teaching language through content and provides a meaning and purpose for learning. Social interaction in the classroom plays an important part in facilitating the students’ development of both social and academic language. Both theoretical and practical, this book offers many examples to illustrate the concepts it presents.

Garcia, E. (1991). The education of linguistically and culturally diverse students: Effective instructional practices. Washington, DC: National Center for Research on Cultural Diversity and Second Language Learning and Center for Applied Linguistics
This report discusses common attributes of schools and classrooms where language minority students have experienced high levels of academic success.

Herrell, A. L. (2000). Fifty strategies for teaching English language learners. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education.

Herrell begins this practical guide for K–12 teachers with a theoretical overview of second language acquisition and the underlying base of instruction for English language learners. Each of the fifty chapters discusses one of the fifty strategies (in alphabetical order) that are outlined in an introductory matrix. The appendix provides an informal survey for assessing students’ multiple intelligences.

Hurley, S. R. & Tinajero, J. V. (Eds.). (2001). Literacy assessment of second language learners. Boston: Allyn & Bacon.

Numerous contributors provide information that teachers will find useful for making decisions about themselves and their students with regard to meaningful assessment. Chapter topics include assessment practices for English language arts, second language acquisition, reading comprehension, and the content areas.

Kagan, S. (1994). Cooperative learning. San Clemente, CA: Resources for Teachers.

This comprehensive book on cooperative learning is suitable for teaching Grades K–12. An index at the beginning of the book lists the many groupings that can be used for the instructional purposes outlined in 24 chapters. Diagrams and charts that illustrate the groupings accompany each chapter along with implementation discussions.

Kauffman, D., & Apple, G. (2000). The Oxford picture dictionary for the content areas. New York: Oxford University Press.

This picture dictionary is thematically organized around content area topics such as the science classroom and specific historical events.

Nation, I. S. P. (1990). Teaching and learning vocabulary. Boston: Heinle & Heinle.

Drawing on research, experimentation, and classroom experiences of teachers, the author examines the underlying principles of vocabulary acquisition and discusses effective teaching and learning techniques relevant for listening, speaking, reading, and writing.

Pierce, L. V. (2003). Assessing English language learners. Washington, DC: National Education Association.

Assessing English Language Learners offers advice on testing students just learning the English language from the teacher’s perspective. The author stresses the appropriate use of large-scale standardized testing, but focuses on classroom assessment techniques for use with English language learners as well.

Samway, K. D., & McKeon, D. (1999). Myths and realities: Best practices for language minority students. Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann.

Written with mainstream educators in mind, Myths and Realities provides fundamental background information on issues such as second language acquisition, legal requirements for educating linguistically diverse students, and placement, program, and assessment information. This handbook debunks many common myths about language minority students and describes best practices in language minority education.

Short, D. (1991). How to integrate language and content instruction. Washington, DC: Center for Applied Linguistics.

This training manual helps language teachers and content teachers integrate language learning and academic content in their classes. The topics addressed in the manual include instructional techniques and strategies, guidelines for adapting materials for integrated lessons, model lessons, assessment, implementation models, and staff development models.

Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages. (1998). Managing the assessment process: A framework for measuring student attainment of the ESL standards. Alexandria, VA: Author.

As educators become familiar with the ESL standards for PreK–12 students, they need to know what is involved in measuring students’ progress toward attaining these standards. Managing the Assessment Process introduces the complexities of assessment and suggests ways to think about assessing ESOL students.

Thier, M., & Daviss, B. (2002). The new science literacy: Using language skills to help students learn science. Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann.

This book is a practical manual for educators who teach science to students in Grades 4–10. In the foreward section, Harold Pratt, President of the National Science Teachers Association, 2001–02, points out that this book “places the development of language literacy in the context of inquiry-based, activity-oriented science instruction called for in the National Science Education Standards…[it] embraces the richness and usefulness of language as a germane aspect of students’ science learning experiences.”

Textbook Series

Basics Bookshelf Series
Hampton-Brown, Carmel, CA

Reading A-Z
27 leveled readers for ages 4–11 online

National Geographic/Windows on Literacy
National Geographic School Publishing

Reading Expeditions
National Geographic School Publishing

Reading Power: Rosen Series

Scott Foresman ESL: Accelerated English Language Learning
Pearson Education/Longman, White Plains, NY


ELLIS (English Language Learning Instructional System)

ELLIS is a suite of multimedia software designed to teach learners of varying ages and levels to speak and understand English. The ELLIS curriculum combines graphics, full-motion video, digitized sound and voice recording, animation, and support for 60+ native languages.

LightSpan Achieve Now

This research-based curriculum program includes interactive software, school and home learning activities, teacher materials, onsite and technology-based professional development, and student assessment.

Read 180 Software

READ 180 is a comprehensive reading intervention program designed to meet the needs of students in elementary to high school whose reading achievement is below the proficient level.

Rosetta Stone Software

The Rosetta Stone software provides a comprehensive curriculum for institutional language programs including course planning and management and individual student placement, tracking, and accountability.


ELT Journal

The ELT Journal is a quarterly publication for all those involved in the field of ESL/EFL. It seeks to bridge the gap between the everyday practical concerns of ELT professionals and related disciplines such as education, linguistics, psychology, and sociology that may offer significant insights.

ESL Magazine

ESL Magazine is a bi-monthly, color, print magazine serving English language educators and other professionals.

Essential Teacher

TESOL’s Essential Teacher will debut in Winter 2003–2004. It is primarily dedicated to language teachers and administrators in varied ESL/EFL workplaces. Essential Teacher also offers guidance to mainstream teachers who work with non-English-speaking students.

Internet TESL Journal

The Internet TESL Journal is a monthly Web journal that includes articles, research papers, lesson plans, classroom handouts, teaching ideas, links, and other information of interest.

System: An International Journal of Educational Technology and Applied Linguistics

System, published quarterly, is an international journal that addresses the teaching and learning of all languages as well as the study and teaching of ESL/EFL. The intended audience of System is researchers and practitioners in the fields of educational technology, applied linguistics, and language teaching and learning.

TESL Canada Journal

TESL Canada Journal is a fully refereed journal for practicing teachers, teacher educators, graduate students, and researchers.


Teaching English as a Second or Foreign Language Electronic Journal is an internationally recognized source of ESL/EFL information for people in scores of countries, from researchers to classroom teachers.

TESOL Journal

TESOL Journal is a refereed publication of teaching and classroom research. TESOL Journal will be phased out in late 2003. Information on back issues is available online.

TESOL Matters

TESOL Matters, a newspaper covering professional issues and events in the field, will be phased out in late 2003. Information on previous issues can be found online.

TESOL Quarterly

TESOL Quarterly is a refereed journal concerned with the teaching of ESL/EFL and the teaching of standard English as a second dialect. TESOL Quarterly represents a wide range of cross-disciplinary interests, both theoretical and practical.

Digests and Reports

Assessment Portfolios: Including English Language Learners in Large-Scale Assessments

Creating Drama with Poetry: Teaching English as a Second Language Through Dramatization and Improvisation

Dialogue Journals: Interactive Writing to Develop Language and Literacy

Educating Hispanic Students: Effective Instructional Practices

English Language Learners with Special Needs: Effective Instructional Strategies

Grammar and Its Teaching: Challenging the Myths

Improving Classroom Instruction and Student Learning for Resilient and Non-resilient English Language Learners

Language Learning Strategies: An Update

Online Resources for K–12 Teachers: Language and Literacy Education

Practical Ideas on Alternative Assessment for ESL Students

Strategy Training for Second Language Learners

Textbook Selection for the ESL Classroom

Using Cognitive Strategies to Develop English Language and Literacy

Online Resources

Resources for Mainstream Teachers of English Language Learners

This Resource Guide Online from the ERIC Clearinghouse on Languages and Linguistics includes links to articles, digests, books, Web sites, and ERIC documents that offer information on the teaching of English language learners in mainstream classes.

Internet Resources for Teachers of English as a Second Language

This Resource Guide Online from the ERIC Clearinghouse on Languages and Linguistics includes links to articles, digests, books, Web sites, and ERIC documents that offer information for Teachers of English as a Second Language.

Second Language Teaching Methodologies

This Resource Guide Online from the ERIC Clearinghouse on Languages and Linguistics includes links to articles, digests, books, Web sites, and ERIC documents that offer information on second language teaching methods.

Directory of ESL Resources

The ERIC Clearinghouse on Languages and Linguistics offers this searchable online directory of ESL resources that includes links to teaching approaches, lesson plans, and other materials.

National Clearinghouse for English Language Acquisition (NCELA)

On this Web site, you’ll find a wide variety of resources such as the “In the Classroom Toolkit”. See also their Online Library resources on Curriculum and Instruction.

Gateway to Educational Materials

The Gateway to Educational Materials (GEM) is a searchable collection of lesson plans and curriculum units. Searches can be done by grade level, and can also be conducted to include only free, Web-based materials. Although there is not a category for ESL/EFL, some helpful resources may be found under “Language Arts” or “Foreign Languages” and “Speaking” or “Listening Comprehension.” includes lesson plans, teaching tips, resource picks, and online bulletin boards and discussion forums.

Dave’s ESL Café Lesson Plans

Dave’s ESL Cafe maintains a collection of ESL lesson plan resources.

ESL Home Page

This Web site has many useful links for both ESL learners and teachers.

EFL/ESL Lessons and Lesson Plans from the Internet TESL Journal

The Internet TESL Journal maintains an exhaustive list of links to lesson plans, categorized by subject.

Karin’s ESL Partyland

This is a comprehensive source of lesson plans and reproducible materials to use in the ESL classroom. This Web site also includes more than 75 interactive quizzes, a discussion board, a chat room and job board for teachers, and chat room for students.

Educator's Reference Desk

This Internet-based service provides lesson plans for teaching ESL. Teachers’ Room

This site provides activities, handouts, and lesson plans for ESL teachers.

Teacher’s Guide to International Collaboration on the Internet

This Web resource sponsored by the U.S. Department of Education offers teachers ideas for lessons that use the Internet to connect with other students. Click on “Foreign/Second Language” to see ESL examples.

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Council of Chief State School Officers
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