Learn more about CAL resources related to language
Year of Languages Radio Series
In support of the Year of Languages, the College
of Charleston and the National Museum of Language have developed
a series of 52 radio spots on languages and linguistics.
the first 20 episodes of Talkin' About Talk or read
the list of upcoming programs and dates online.
Foreign Languages in Schools Radio
"In the first segment of a three-part series
on foreign languages in the schools, Deborah Wang spoke with
Michele Anciaux Aoki, a long-time foreign language advocate
and leader with the Washington State Coalition for International
Education." Listen to
the segment on why foreign language learning is important.
(All Things Considered, KPLU Seattle/Tacoma, September
The Year of Languages focus in October is on early language learning.
The Center for Applied Linguistics (CAL) has many projects and extensive
resources related to early language learning.
National Foreign Language Survey
CAL conducts a national survey of foreign language teaching in elementary and
secondary schools every 10 years to gain greater understanding of current
patterns and shifts in enrollment, languages and programs offered, curriculum,
teaching methodologies, teacher qualifications and training, and reactions
to national reform issues. You can read a summary of the 1997 results online.
The 2007 survey is currently in development.
The National Capital Language Resource Center
The National Capital Language Resource Center (NCLRC), a joint project
of Georgetown University, The George Washington University, and CAL,
is one of 14 nonprofit Language Resource Centers funded by the U.S. Department
of Education to improve and strengthen the nation's capacity to teach
and learn foreign languages. Many resources related to early language
learning are available at http://www.nclrc.org.
is a Web site dedicated to foreign language learning in Grades pre-K–8
and highlights instruction, applied research, and recent developments
in the field. The site offers information about model programs, program
development, available resources, training opportunities, and upcoming
events. Watch the site for a new look in December.
is an active email list for superintendents, teachers, teacher educators,
and parents interested in pre-K–8 foreign language learning.
Foreign Language Digest Series
CAL has published numerous
digests on topics related to early language learning. You can read several
of the digests on our resources page
or order them in convenient bound
By Video: An Overview of Foreign Language Instructional Videos for
Nancy C. Rhodes & Ingrid Pufahl
Language by Video presents the results of a study of the benefits
and challenges of using video-based instruction to teach languages to
children. This book reviews the five video programs most commonly used
in elementary schools: Elementary Spanish, Español
para ti,Muzzy, Salsa, and Saludos. Each program
is described in relation to its goals, its success at meeting those goals,
and its ability to provide the type of instruction needed for students
to meet national foreign language standards. This book will be of special
interest to schools and educators considering alternatives to traditional
foreign language instruction and is presented in a user-friendly format,
with practical implications and recommendations as well as suggestions
for future research.
Two-Way Immersion Education
Early language learning
is a central feature of two-way immersion (TWI) programs, a type of dual
language program in which an approximately equal number of native English
speakers and native speakers of another language learn together in both
languages. TWI programs promote bilingualism and biliteracy, grade-level
academic achievement, and positive cross-cultural attitudes and behaviors
in all students. CAL's work on two-way
immersion includes research on the
academic achievement of students enrolled in TWI programs, compilation
of an online directory of
and a myriad of resources for those interested in developing or enriching
a TWI program. Check out
With support from the National Clearinghouse for English Language Acquisition
at The George Washington University, CAL has brought together a national
panel of dual language researchers and practitioners to draft Guiding
Principles for Dual Language Education,
a tool grounded in evidence from research and best practices and intended
to aid TWI professionals with program planning, implementation, and maintenance.
For more information about CAL's work on two-way immersion education,
contact Julie Sugarman.
Early Language Learning Assessment
CAL is engaged in
several early language learning assessment projects and offers many related
resources and services.
FLES (Foreign Language in the Elementary School) Test Development
A FLES test is being developed to assess the Spanish
listening and reading comprehension of fourth-grade students who are
studying the language in a classroom setting with a teacher or through
technology-mediated instruction. The assessment will serve as a tool
to help schools, districts, and states assess the language abilities
of their students. For more information on this project, contact Nancy
Rhodes at CAL.
SOPA and ELLOPA
The Student Oral Proficiency Assessment
(SOPA) for Grades 1-5
and the Early Language Listening and Oral Proficiency Assessment
(ELLOPA) for Grades pre-K-2 are two innovative language proficiency
instruments developed by CAL in partnership with the National K–12 Foreign
Language Resource Center at Iowa State University. The goal of the SOPA and ELLOPA,
now the most widely used speaking and listening tests for children studying
foreign languages in the United States, is to allow young students to
demonstrate their highest level of performance in oral fluency, grammar,
vocabulary, and listening comprehension.The assessments, which are administered
to pairs of students in a casual interview format, are conducted entirely
in the language the students are learning. Information on the SOPA and ELLOPA may
be found at www.cal.org/ellopa.
SOPA and ELLOPA Trainings
SOPA and ELLOPA trainings
are offered each year in conjunction with regional and national conferences
such as the Southern Conference on Language Teaching (SCOLT) and the
annual conference of the American Council on the Teaching of Foreign
Languages (ACTFL). They can also be provided directly to schools or school
districts upon request. A typical SOPA or ELLOPA training
is a 2-day workshop that familiarizes participants with the assessment
instrument and includes practice interviewing and rating students. For
more information on these trainings, contact Lynn
Web-Based SOPA Training Course
Due to the high demand
for SOPA training, CAL is working with
Iowa State University to develop an online course that will teach participants
how to administer and rate the SOPA. The 4-week course will
present the general structure of the SOPA and rating
scale in English and will include video clips and transcripts
in English, French, German, Japanese, and Spanish. The pilot for this
online course is scheduled for fall 2005 with follow-up field testing
in the spring. Watch CAL's Web site for more details as they
Directory of K–12 Foreign Language Assessment Instruments and
This searchable database contains information on more than 200 language assessments
currently in use in K–12 language programs around the country as well as annotated
bibliographies of print and Internet resources on assessment.
Early Language Learning Program Directories
online directories of various types of early language learning programs
in the United States.
National Directory of Early Foreign Language Programs
This state-by-state searchable database contains information on nearly 1500
public and private elementary and middle schools that start teaching foreign
languages before Grade 7.
Total and Partial Immersion Language Programs in U.S. Schools
This directory includes 242 schools in 28 states and the District of Columbia
that teach all or part of their curriculum through a second language. Contact
information, number of students and teachers, and other information is provided
for each school. Eleven foreign languages are represented.
Immersion Programs in the U.S.
This searchable database contains profiles of 319 two-way immersion programs
in 28 states and the District of Columbia. The directory is part of a program
of research conducted by the Center for Research
on Education, Diversity & Excellence (CREDE).
Each profile includes information such asprogram size, program location,
program design, student demographics, and the non-English language used.