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A Brief History of Adult ESL Instruction: Reference List

Sarah Young, Center for Applied Linguistics
May 2008

This reference list accompanies the PowerPoint presentation of the same name found at

Addams, J. (1910). Twenty years at Hull House. New York: Macmillan.

Alba, R., Logan, J., Lutz, A., & Stults, B. (2002). Only English by the third generation? Loss and preservation of the mother tongue among the grandchildren of contemporary immigrants. Demography, 39(3), 467-484.

Alexander, J. G. (2007). Daily life in immigration America, 1870-1920. Westport, CT:
Greenwood Press.

Bergquist, J. (2008). Daily life in immigrant America, 1820-1870. Westport, CT:
Greenwood Press.

Bogardus, E. (1928). Immigration and race attitudes. Boston: D.C. Heath.

Brown, S. (1918). A suggested course of study and syllabus for non-English speaking
adults. Hartford, CT: State Board of Education.

Crist, R. 1921). Federal citizenship textbook: A course of instruction for use in the public schools by the candidate for citizenship [Part III]. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Labor.

Division of Americanization, State of Ohio. (1922). Manual for teachers
[Americanization bulletin no. 2]. Columbus, OH: F.J. Heer Printing Co.

Glass, L. (1926). [Educational monographs]. Home classes for foreign-born mothers.
Harrisburg, PA: Commonwealth of Pennsylvania Department of Public Instruction.

Glowacki, P., & Hendry, J. (2004). Images of America: Hull House. Charleston, SC:

Hart, H., & Burnett, M. (1919). Six months of Americanization in Delaware. Wilmington, DE: Service Citizens of Delaware.

Jenks, J.W., & Lauck, W.J. (1922). The immigration problem: A study of American
immigration conditions and needs [5th ed.]. New York: Funk & Wagnalls.

Knight, L. (2005). Citizen: Jane Addams and the struggle for democracy. Chicago:
University of Chicago Press.

Leiserson, W. (1924). Adjusting immigrant and industry. New York: Harper & Brothers.

McClymer, J. (1982). The Americanization movement and the education of the foreign- born adult, 1914-25. In B. Weiss [ed.], American education and the European immigrant, 1840-1940. Urbana, IL: University of Illinois Press.
Mohl, R. (1982). The international institutes and immigrant education, 1910-1940. In B. Weiss [ed.], American education and the European immigrant, 1840-1940. Urbana, IL: University of Illinois Press.

Schermerhorn, H. (1923). Citizenship instruction: The problem confronting the classes in Hackensack, N.J. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Labor.

Seller, M. (1978). Success and failure in adult education: The immigrant experience
1914-1924. Adult Education Quarterly, 28(2), 83-99.

Sticht, T. (2002). The rise of the adult education and literacy system in the United States:1600-2000. Review of Adult Learning and Literacy, 3. Available at

Zolberg, A. (2006). Rethinking the last 200 years of US immigration policy. Washington, DC: Migration Policy Institute. Available at