Research Years 1-4: Individual Projects

A Focused Program of Research

In the first four years of CREATE, researchers developed research-based interventions for separate content areas and tested them in tightly controlled experiments and randomized field trials with classroom teachers. The research focused on the specific instructional practices that are proven effective in improving oral English proficiency, English literacy, and student achievement in the content areas, including social studies, English language arts, and science. The research also explored text modifications and grouping arrangements that enhance outcomes for middle-grade English learners. More specifically, CREATE

Content Area Projects: Years 1-4

Several primary studies were conducted as part of CREATE’s focused program of research.

Project QuEST (Quality English and Science Teaching) investigated a systematic intervention model to concurrently develop science content and language and literacy skills in middle school English learners.

Impact of the SIOP Model on Middle School Science and Language Learning investigated the impact of the SIOP Model--a research-based approach that integrates grade-level content with academic English language development--on student academic achievement in middle school science, a subject area with high language demands.

Adaptations of Peer-Assisted Learning for English Language Learners: Application to Middle School Social Studies Classes examined the efficacy of social studies instruction enhanced with specific instructional and learning strategies, supplemental materials, and purposeful pairing of students. The goal was to enhance knowledge acquisition and vocabulary/concept learning through systematic practices associated with improved outcomes for English learners in middle school content classes.

Word Generation for English Language Learners built on the development and evaluation of Word Generation, an interdisciplinary middle school academic language support program. Word Generation uses engaging paragraphs to present crucial, non-disciplinary, all-purpose academic words and defines activities to help students learn them. The adapting-texts component developed alternative forms of the paragraphs to be used in a modified, English learners-focused version of Word Generation.