Guiding Principles for Dual Language Education

Prepared by the Center for Applied Linguistics
with support from the National Clearinghouse for English Language Acquisition at The George Washington University


The Guiding Principles is now available in its second edition!


The Guiding Principles for Dual Language Education was developed as a tool to help dual language programs (two-way immersion, heritage language, foreign language immersion, or developmental bilingual programs) with planning and ongoing implementation. Grounded in evidence from research and best practices, the guiding principles address program issues in seven strands: Assessment and Accountability, Curriculum, Instruction, Staff Quality and Professional Development, Program Structure, Family and Community, and Support and Resources.

The guiding principles were based on the Framework of Best Practices for New Mexico Dual Language Programs developed by Dual Language Education of New Mexico and were adapted by a national panel of dual language experts and reviewers.

The second edition includes Kathryn J. Lindholm-Leary's literature review, Effective Features of Dual Language Education Programs: A Review of Research and Best Practice.

Online Print

Download the report,
Guiding Principles
for Dual Language Education

(PDF, 5.1 MB)

Buy a print version
for easy reference
from the CAL Store

Educators, researchers, and the general public may make single or multiple copies of the Guiding Principles for Dual Language Education.

Additional Resources:

Download a two-page summary of the strands and principles (Word, 68KB)

Download an editable version of the Action Plan that you can use to type in your ratings and evidence (Word, 432 KB)

Suggested APA citation:

Howard, E. R., Sugarman, J., Christian, D., Lindholm-Leary, K. J., & Rogers, D. (2007). Guiding Principles for Dual Language Education (2nd ed.). Washington, DC: Center for Applied Linguistics.