CAL Digests are a series of short reports that highlight current topics of interest covering a variety of subjects related to language learning, cultural orientation, and linguistics.

Created between 1992 and 2011, these resources are still widely used by researchers, students, and all those interested in issues relating to language and culture. Many CAL Digests were created through the ERIC Clearinghouse on Languages and Linguistics housed at CAL through 2003. 

CAL Digests can be downloaded for free. Double click on the title and your browser will provide options to open or download the digest.

A Global Perspective on Bilingualism and Bilingual Education
ACTFL Speaking Proficiency Guidelines
Action Research
African Languages At The K–12 Level
Alternative Assessment And Second Language Study: What And Why?
American Sign Language As A Foreign Language
Assessment Literacy For Language Educators
Assessment Portfolios: Including English Language Learners In Large-Scale Assessments
Attaining High Levels Of Proficiency: Challenges For Foreign Language Education In The United States
Brain Research: Implications For Second Language Learning
Changing Misconceptions About Dialect Diversity: The Role Of Public Education
Chinese Heritage Community Language Schools In The United States
Coaching Language Teachers
Communicative Language Teaching: An Introduction And Sample Activities
Computer-Assisted Language Learning: Current Programs And Projects
Considerations In Developing And Using Computer-Adaptive Tests To Assess Second Language Proficiency
Content-Centered Language Learning
Contextual Factors In Second Language Acquisition
Creating Drama With Poetry: Teaching English As A Second Language Through Dramatization And Improvisation
Cross-Age Tutoring In The Literacy Club
Cultural Diversity And Language Socialization In The Early Years
Cultural Orientation For Refugees
Culture In Second Language Teaching
Curricular Models For University African Language Programs
Dialogue Journals: Interactive Writing To Develop Language And Literacy
Discourse Analysis For Language Teachers
Does The United States Need A Language Policy?
Dropout Intervention And Language Minority Youth
Early Childhood Programs For Language Minority Students
Ebonic Need Not Be English
Effects Of Instructional Hours And Intensity Of Instruction On NRS Level Gain In Listening And Speaking
English Language Learners And High-Stakes Tests: An Overview Of The Issues
English Language Learners With Special Needs: Effective Instructional Strategies
Enhancing Authentic Language Learning Experiences Through Internet Technology
ESL And Bilingual Program Models
Establishing An Effective Newcomer Program
Examining Latino Paraeducators’ Interactions With Latino Students
Foreign Language Exploratory Programs: Introduction To Language Learning
Foreign Language Immersion Programs
Foreign Language Immersion Programs: Features And Trends Over 35 Years
Foreign Language Requirements And Students With Learning Disabilities
Foreign Languages And International Business
Fostering Second Language Development In Young Children
Generation 1.5 Students And College Writing
Grammar And Its Teaching: Challenging The Myths
Guidelines For Starting An Elementary School Foreign Language Program
Heritage Spanish Speakers’ Language Learning Strategies
Impact Of Two-Way Immersion On Students’ Attitudes Toward School And College
Implementing A District-Wide Foreign Language Program
In Their Own Words: Two-Way Immersion Teachers Talk About Their Professional Experiences
Instructional Conversations In Native American Classrooms
Integrated Content And Language Instruction
Integrated Skills In The ESL/EFL Classroom
Integrating Foreign Language And Content Instruction In Grades K–8
Integrating Language And Content: Lessons From Immersion
Integrating Language And Culture In Middle School American History Classes
Interactive Language Learning On The Web
Internet For Language Teachers
Involuntary Language Loss Among Immigrants: Asian-American Linguistic Autobiographies
Language Learning Strategies: An Update
Language Minority Students In School Reform: The Role Of Collaboration
Language Teaching Methodology
Language, Diversity, And Learning: Lessons For Education In The 21st Century
Languages Across The Curriculum
Lexical Approach To Second Language Teaching
Meeting The National Standards: Now What Do I Do?
Middle Schools And Foreign Languages: A View For The Future
Model Early Foreign Language Programs: Key Elements
More Than Just The Internet: Technology For Language Teaching
Multilingual Education Policy And Practice: Lessons From Indigenous Experience
Myths And Misconceptions About Second Language Learning
Nonnative-English-Speaking Teachers In The English Teaching Profession
Official English And English Plus: An Update
Oral Proficiency Assessment: The Use Of Technology In Test Development And Rater Training
Partners In Pedagogy: Collaboration Between University And Secondary School Foreign Language Teachers
Planning For Success: Common Pitfalls In The Planning Of Early Foreign Language Programs
Practical Ideas On Alternative Assessment For ESL Students
Principles Of Instructed Second Language Acquisition
Raising Bilingual Children: Common Parental Concerns and Current Research (English an Spanish versions)
Reading With A Purpose: Communicative Reading Tasks For The Foreign Language Classroom
Reforming Mathematics Instruction For ESL Literacy Students
Research Insights On Second Language Writing Instruction
Scheduling Foreign Languages On The Block
Second Language Acquisition And Technology: A Review Of The Research
Second Language Learning In A Social Context
Secondary Newcomer Programs: Helping Recent Immigrants Prepare For School Success
Selecting Materials To Teach Spanish To Spanish Speakers
Serving Linguistically And Culturally Diverse Students: Strategies For The School Librarian
Simulated Oral Proficiency Interviews: Recent Developments
Singable Books: Sing And Read Your Way To English Proficiency
Spanish For Native Speakers: Developing Dual Language Proficiency
Spanish-Language Ads And Public Service Announcements In The Foreign Language Classroom
Strategies For Success: Engaging Immigrant Students In Secondary Schools
Strategy Training For Second Language Learners
Tapping A National Resource: Heritage Languages In The United States
Teaching About Dialects
Teaching Educators About Language: Principles, Structures, And Challenges
Teaching English Abroad: An Introduction
Teaching Foreign Languages To At-Risk Learners
Teaching Foreign Languages To Children Through Video
Ten Common Fallacies About Bilingual Education
Textbook Selection For The ESL Classroom
The ESL Standards: Bridging The Academic Gap For English Language Learners
The Role Of Metacognition In Second Language Teaching And Learning
The Sheltered Instruction Observation Protocol: A Tool For Teacher-Researcher Collaboration And Professional Development
Thematic Literature And Curriculum For English Language Learners In Early Childhood Education
Thematic, Communicative Language Teaching In The K–8 Classroom
Think-Aloud Protocols: Teaching Reading Processes To Young Bilingual Students
Translating And Interpreting Programs: A Scottish Example
Two Or More Languages In Early Childhood: Some General Points And Practical Recommendations
Two-Way Bilingual Education Programs In Practice: A National And Local Perspective
Two-Way Immersion Programs: Features And Statistics
Using Call-And-Response To Facilitate Language Mastery And Literacy Acquisition Among African American Students
Using Cognitive Strategies To Develop English Language And Literacy
Vernacular Dialects in U.S. Schools
We Can Talk: Cooperative Learning In The Elementary ESL Classroom
What Early Childhood Teachers Need To Know About Language
What Elementary Teachers Need To Know About Language
What Is Linguistics?
What Parents Want To Know About Foreign Language Immersion Programs
What We Can Learn From Foreign Language Teaching In Other Countries
Will The National Education Goals Improve The Progress Of English Language Learners?
Working With Young English Language Learners: Some Considerations