Impact is the possible effect(s) of a test. In this section, we will consider the relationship between assessment and instruction. We will also look at the concept of washback and think about how instruction and assessment can complement each other in the classroom. To start thinking about impact, consider the following questions:

  • How can I make sure tests are fair for each student?
  • How can I use test results to inform instruction?
  • How can I prepare my students for required tests?
  • How can I use tests productively with my students?